The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.4.1.15     
Accepted name: α,α-trehalose-phosphate synthase (UDP-forming)
Reaction: UDP-α-D-glucose + D-glucose 6-phosphate = UDP + α,α-trehalose 6-phosphate
Other name(s): UDP-glucose—glucose-phosphate glucosyltransferase; trehalosephosphate-UDP glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose-glucose-phosphate glucosyltransferase; α,α-trehalose phosphate synthase (UDP-forming); phosphotrehalose-uridine diphosphate transglucosylase; trehalose 6-phosphate synthase; trehalose 6-phosphate synthetase; trehalose phosphate synthase; trehalose phosphate synthetase; trehalose phosphate-uridine diphosphate glucosyltransferase; trehalose-P synthetase; transglucosylase; uridine diphosphoglucose phosphate glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:D-glucose-6-phosphate 1-α-D-glucosyltransferase
Systematic name: UDP-α-D-glucose:D-glucose-6-phosphate 1-α-D-glucosyltransferase (configuration-retaining)
Comments: See also EC 2.4.1.36 [α,α-trehalose-phosphate synthase (GDP-forming)].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, GTD, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9030-07-3
References:
1.  Cabib, E. and Leloir, L.F. The biosynthesis of trehalose phosphate. J. Biol. Chem. 231 (1958) 259–275. [PMID: 13538966]
2.  Candy, D.J. and Kilby, B.A. The biosynthesis of trehalose in the locust fat body. Biochem. J. 78 (1961) 531–536. [PMID: 13690400]
3.  Lornitzo, F.A. and Goldman, D.S. Purification and properties of the transglucosylase inhibitor of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J. Biol. Chem. 239 (1964) 2730–2734. [PMID: 14216421]
4.  Murphy, T.A. and Wyatt, G.R. The enzymes of glycogen and trehalose synthesis in silk moth fat body. J. Biol. Chem. 240 (1965) 1500–1508. [PMID: 14285483]
[EC 2.4.1.15 created 1961]
 
 
EC 2.4.1.150     
Accepted name: N-acetyllactosaminide β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
Reaction: UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-glucosamine + β-D-Gal-(1→4)-β-D-GlcNAc-(1→3)-β-D-Gal-(1→4)-β-D-GlcNAc-R = UDP + β-D-Gal-(1→4)-β-D-GlcNAc-(1→3)-[β-D-GlcNAc-(1→6)]-β-D-Gal-(1→4)-β-D-GlcNAc-R
Glossary: β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R = type 2 precursor disaccharide
Other name(s): GCNT2 (gene name); GCNT3 (gene name); IGnT; I-branching β1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-acetyllactosaminide β1→6-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; Galβ1→4GlcNAc-R β1→6 N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:β-D-galactosyl-1,4-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminide β-1,6-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
Systematic name: UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-glucosamine:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminide 6-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (configuration-inverting)
Comments: The enzyme acts on poly-N-acetyllactosamine [glycan chains of β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine units connected by β(1,3) linkages] attached to proteins or lipids. It transfers a GlcNAc residue by β(1,6)-linkage to galactosyl residues close to non-reducing terminals, introducing a branching pattern known as I branching.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 85638-40-0
References:
1.  Van den Eijnden, D.H., Winterwerp, H., Smeeman, P. and Schiphorst, W.E.C.M. Novikoff ascites tumor cells contain N-acetyllactosaminide β1→3 and β1→6 N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity. J. Biol. Chem. 258 (1983) 3435–3437. [PMID: 6219989]
2.  Basu, M. and Basu, S. Biosynthesis in vitro of Ii core glycosphingolipids from neolactotetraosylceramide by β 1-3- and β 1-6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases from mouse T-lymphoma. J. Biol. Chem. 259 (1984) 12557–12562. [PMID: 6238026]
3.  Piller, F., Cartron, J.P., Maranduba, A., Veyrieres, A., Leroy, Y. and Fournet, B. Biosynthesis of blood group I antigens. Identification of a UDP-GlcNAc:GlcNAc β 1-3Gal(-R) β 1-6(GlcNAc to Gal) N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase in hog gastric mucosa. J. Biol. Chem. 259 (1984) 13385–13390. [PMID: 6490658]
4.  Bierhuizen, M.F., Maemura, K., Kudo, S. and Fukuda, M. Genomic organization of core 2 and I branching β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases. Implication for evolution of the β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase gene family. Glycobiology 5 (1995) 417–425. [DOI] [PMID: 7579796]
5.  Ujita, M., McAuliffe, J., Suzuki, M., Hindsgaul, O., Clausen, H., Fukuda, M.N. and Fukuda, M. Regulation of I-branched poly-N-acetyllactosamine synthesis. Concerted actions by I-extension enzyme, I-branching enzyme, and β1,4-galactosyltransferase I. J. Biol. Chem. 274 (1999) 9296–9304. [DOI] [PMID: 10092606]
6.  Yeh, J.C., Ong, E. and Fukuda, M. Molecular cloning and expression of a novel β-1, 6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase that forms core 2, core 4, and I branches. J. Biol. Chem. 274 (1999) 3215–3221. [DOI] [PMID: 9915862]
[EC 2.4.1.150 created 1984 (EC 2.4.1.164 created 1989, incorporated 2016), modified 2017]
 
 
EC 2.4.1.151      
Transferred entry: N-acetyllactosaminide α-1,3-galactosyltransferase. Now EC 2.4.1.87, N-acetyllactosaminide 3-α-galactosyltransferase
[EC 2.4.1.151 created 1984, deleted 2002]
 
 
EC 2.4.1.152     
Accepted name: 4-galactosyl-N-acetylglucosaminide 3-α-L-fucosyltransferase
Reaction: GDP-β-L-fucose + (1→4)-β-D-galactosyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R = GDP + (1→4)-β-D-galactosyl-[α-(1→3)-L-fucosyl]-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R
For diagram of fucosylneolactotetraosylceramide biosynthesis, click here. For diagram of reaction, click here
Other name(s): Lewis-negative α-3-fucosyltransferase; plasma α-3-fucosyltransferase; guanosine diphosphofucose-glucoside α1→3-fucosyltransferase; galactoside 3-fucosyltransferase; GDP-L-fucose:1,4-β-D-galactosyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R 3-L-fucosyltransferase; GDP-β-L-fucose:1,4-β-D-galactosyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R 3-L-fucosyltransferase; GDP-β-L-fucose:1,4-β-D-galactosyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R 3-α-L-fucosyltransferase
Systematic name: GDP-β-L-fucose:(1→4)-β-D-galactosyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R 3-α-L-fucosyltransferase
Comments: Normally acts on a glycoconjugate where R (see reaction) is a glycoprotein or glycolipid. This enzyme fucosylates on O-3 of an N-acetylglucosamine that carries a galactosyl group on O-4, unlike EC 2.4.1.65, 3-galactosyl-N-acetylglucosaminide 4-α-L-fucosyltransferase, which fucosylates on O-4 of an N-acetylglucosamine that carries a galactosyl group on O-3.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 39279-34-0
References:
1.  Johnson, P.H., Yates, A.D. and Watkins, W.M. Human salivary fucosyltransferase: evidence for two distinct α-3-L-fucosyltransferase activities one of which is associated with the Lewis blood Le gene. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 100 (1981) 1611–1618. [DOI] [PMID: 7295318]
2.  Schachter, H., Narasimhan, S., Gleeson, P. and Vella, G. Glycosyltransferases involved in elongation of N-glycosidically linked oligosaccharides of the complex or N-acetyllactosamine type. Methods Enzymol. 98 (1983) 98–134. [PMID: 6366476]
3.  Ma, B., Wang, G., Palcic, M.M., Hazes, B. and Taylor, D.E. C-terminal amino acids of Helicobacter pylori α1,3/4 fucosyltransferases determine type I and type II transfer. J. Biol. Chem. 278 (2003) 21893–21900. [DOI] [PMID: 12676935]
[EC 2.4.1.152 created 1984, modified 2002]
 
 
EC 2.4.1.153     
Accepted name: UDP-N-acetylglucosamine—dolichyl-phosphate N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
Reaction: UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-glucosamine + dolichyl phosphate = UDP + dolichyl N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminyl phosphate
Other name(s): aglK (gene name); dolichyl-phosphate α-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:dolichyl-phosphate α-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
Systematic name: UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-glucosamine:dolichyl-phosphate α-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the methanogenic archaeon Methanococcus voltae, initiates N-linked glycosylation in that organism. The enzyme differs from the eukaryotic enzyme, which leaves one additional phosphate group on the dolichyl product (cf. EC 2.7.8.15, UDP-N-acetylglucosamine—dolichyl-phosphate N-acetylglucosaminephosphotransferase).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 63363-73-5
References:
1.  Larkin, A., Chang, M.M., Whitworth, G.E. and Imperiali, B. Biochemical evidence for an alternate pathway in N-linked glycoprotein biosynthesis. Nat. Chem. Biol. 9 (2013) 367–373. [DOI] [PMID: 23624439]
[EC 2.4.1.153 created 1984, modified 2015]
 
 
EC 2.4.1.154      
Deleted entry: globotriosylceramide β-1,6-N-acetylgalactosaminyl-transferase. The enzyme is identical to EC 2.4.1.79, globotriaosylceramide 3-β-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase. The reference cited referred to a 1→3 linkage and not to a 1→6 linkage, as indicated in the enzyme entry
[EC 2.4.1.154 created 1986, deleted 2006]
 
 
EC 2.4.1.155     
Accepted name: α-1,6-mannosyl-glycoprotein 6-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
Reaction: UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-glucosamine + β-D-GlcNAc-(1→2)-[β-D-GlcNAc-(1→4)]-α-D-Man-(1→3)-[β-D-GlcNAc-(1→2)-α-D-Man-(1→6)]-β-D-Man-(1→4)-β-D-GlcNAc-(1→4)-β-D-GlcNAc-N-Asn-[protein] = UDP + β-D-GlcNAc-(1→2)-[β-D-GlcNAc-(1→4)]-α-D-Man-(1→3)-[β-D-GlcNAc-(1→2)-[β-D-GlcNAc-(1→6)]-α-D-Man-(1→6)]-β-D-Man-(1→4)-β-D-GlcNAc-(1→4)-β-D-GlcNAc-N-Asn-[protein]
For diagram of mannosyl-glycoprotein n-acetylglucosaminyltransferases, click here
Other name(s): MGAT5 (gene name); N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V; α-mannoside β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-α-mannoside β1→6-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:α-mannoside-β1,6 N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; α-1,3(6)-mannosylglycoprotein β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; GnTV; GlcNAc-T V; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:6-[2-(N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl)-α-D-mannosyl]-glycoprotein 6-β-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
Systematic name: UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-glucosamine:N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→6)-β-D-mannosyl-glycoprotein 6-β-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase (configuration-inverting)
Comments: Requires Mg2+. The enzyme, found in vertebrates, participates in the processing of N-glycans in the Golgi apparatus. It catalyses the addition of N-acetylglucosamine in β 1-6 linkage to the α-linked mannose of biantennary N-linked oligosaccharides, and thus enables the synthesis of tri- and tetra-antennary complexes.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 83588-90-3
References:
1.  Cummings, R.D., Trowbridge, I.S. and Kornfeld, S. A mouse lymphoma cell line resistant to the leukoagglutinating lectin from Phaseolus vulgaris is deficient in UDP-GlcNAc: α-D-mannoside β1,6 N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase. J. Biol. Chem. 257 (1982) 13421–13427. [PMID: 6216250]
2.  Hindsgaul, O., Tahir, S.H., Srivastava, O.P. and Pierce, M. The trisaccharide β-D-GlcpNAc-(1→2)-α-D-Manp-(1→6)-β-D-Manp, as its 8-methoxycarbonyloctyl glycoside, is an acceptor selective for N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V. Carbohydr. Res. 173 (1988) 263–272. [DOI] [PMID: 2834054]
3.  Shoreibah, M.G., Hindsgaul, O. and Pierce, M. Purification and characterization of rat kidney UDP-N-acetylglucosamine: α-6-D-mannoside β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase. J. Biol. Chem. 267 (1992) 2920–2927. [PMID: 1531335]
4.  Gu, J., Nishikawa, A., Tsuruoka, N., Ohno, M., Yamaguchi, N., Kangawa, K. and Taniguchi, N. Purification and characterization of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine: α-6-D-mannoside β 1-6N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V) from a human lung cancer cell line. J. Biochem. 113 (1993) 614–619. [PMID: 8393437]
5.  Park, C., Jin, U.H., Lee, Y.C., Cho, T.J. and Kim, C.H. Characterization of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:α-6-D-mannoside β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V from a human hepatoma cell line Hep3B. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 367 (1999) 281–288. [PMID: 10395745]
6.  Saito, T., Miyoshi, E., Sasai, K., Nakano, N., Eguchi, H., Honke, K. and Taniguchi, N. A secreted type of β 1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (GnT-V) induces tumor angiogenesis without mediation of glycosylation: a novel function of GnT-V distinct from the original glycosyltransferase activity. J. Biol. Chem. 277 (2002) 17002–17008. [PMID: 11872751]
[EC 2.4.1.155 created 1986, modified 2001, modified 2018]
 
 
EC 2.4.1.156     
Accepted name: indolylacetyl-myo-inositol galactosyltransferase
Reaction: UDP-α-D-galactose + (indol-3-yl)acetyl-myo-inositol = UDP + 5-O-(indol-3-yl)acetyl-myo-inositol D-galactoside
Other name(s): uridine diphosphogalactose-indolylacetylinositol galactosyltransferase; indol-3-ylacetyl-myo-inositol galactoside synthase; UDP-galactose:indol-3-ylacetyl-myo-inositol 5-O-D-galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:(indol-3-yl)acetyl-myo-inositol 5-O-D-galactosyltransferase
Systematic name: UDP-α-D-galactose:(indol-3-yl)acetyl-myo-inositol 5-O-D-galactosyltransferase
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 85537-80-0
References:
1.  Corcuera, L.J., Michalczuk, L. and Bandurski, R.S. Enzymic synthesis of indol-3-ylacetyl-myo-inositol galactoside. Biochem. J. 207 (1982) 283–290. [PMID: 7159382]
[EC 2.4.1.156 created 1986]
 
 
EC 2.4.1.157      
Transferred entry: 1,2-diacylglycerol 3-glucosyltransferase. Now classified as EC 2.4.1.336, monoglucosyldiacylglycerol synthase, and EC 2.4.1.337, 1,2-diacylglycerol 3-α-glucosyltransferase
[EC 2.4.1.157 created 1986, deleted 2015]
 
 
EC 2.4.1.158     
Accepted name: 13-hydroxydocosanoate 13-β-glucosyltransferase
Reaction: UDP-glucose + 13-hydroxydocosanoate = UDP + 13-β-D-glucosyloxydocosanoate
Other name(s): 13-glucosyloxydocosanoate 2′-β-glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:13-hydroxydocosanoic acid glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose-hydroxydocosanoate glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose-13-hydroxydocosanoate glucosyltransferase
Systematic name: UDP-glucose:13-hydroxydocosanoate 13-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Comments: 13-β-D-Glucosyloxydocosanoate can also act as acceptor, leading to the formation by Candida bogoriensis of the extracellular glycolipid, hydroxydocosanoate sophoroside diacetate.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 70457-13-5
References:
1.  Breithaupt, T.B. and Light, R.J. Affinity chromatography and further characterization of the glucosyltransferases involved in hydroxydocosanoic acid sophoroside production in Candida bogoriensis. J. Biol. Chem. 257 (1982) 9622–9628. [PMID: 6213610]
[EC 2.4.1.158 created 1986]
 
 
EC 2.4.1.159     
Accepted name: flavonol-3-O-glucoside L-rhamnosyltransferase
Reaction: UDP-β-L-rhamnose + a flavonol 3-O-β-D-glucoside = UDP + a flavonol 3-O-[α-L-rhamnosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucoside]
For diagram of quercetin 3-O-Glycoside derivatives biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: UDP-β-L-rhamnose = UDP-6-deoxy-β-L-mannose
Other name(s): uridine diphosphorhamnose-flavonol 3-O-glucoside rhamnosyltransferase; UDP-rhamnose:flavonol 3-O-glucoside rhamnosyltransferase; UDP-L-rhamnose:flavonol-3-O-D-glucoside 6′′-O-L-rhamnosyltransferase
Systematic name: UDP-β-L-rhamnose:flavonol-3-O-β-D-glucoside 6′′-O-L-rhamnosyltransferase (configuration-inverting)
Comments: A configuration-inverting rhamnosyltransferase that converts flavonol 3-O-glucosides to 3-O-rutinosides. Also acts, more slowly, on rutin, quercetin 3-O-galactoside and flavonol 3-O-rhamnosides.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 83380-89-6
References:
1.  Kleinehollenhorst, G., Behrens, H., Pegels, G., Srunk, N. and Wiermann, R. Formation of flavonol 3-O-diglycosides and flavonol 3-O-triglycosides by enzyme extracts from anthers of Tulipa cv apeldoorn - characterization and activity of 3 different O-glycosyltransferases during anther development. Z. Natursforsch. C: Biosci. 37 (1982) 587–599.
2.  Jones, P., Messner, B., Nakajima, J., Schaffner, A.R. and Saito, K. UGT73C6 and UGT78D1, glycosyltransferases involved in flavonol glycoside biosynthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana. J. Biol. Chem. 278 (2003) 43910–43918. [DOI] [PMID: 12900416]
[EC 2.4.1.159 created 1986, modified 2015]
 
 


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