Involved in sex pheromone synthesis in the Lepidoptera (moths). The enzyme from the moth Spodoptera littoralis prefers 13:0 and 14:0 substrates. The product is formed by the stereospecific removal of the pro-R H at C-11 and the pro-S H at C-12. cf. EC 18.104.22.168, acyl-CoA 11-(Z)-desaturase.
Foster, S. P. and Roelofs, W. L. Biosynthesis of a monoene and a conjugated diene sex pheromone component of the lightbrown apple moth by 11 desaturation. Experientia46 (1990) 269–273.
Martinez, T., Fabrias, G. and Camps, F. Sex pheromone biosynthetic pathway in Spodoptera littoralis and its activation by a neurohormone. J. Biol. Chem.265 (1990) 1381–1387. [PMID: 2295634]
Navarro, I., Font, I., Fabrias, G. and Camps, F. Stereospecificity of the (E)- and (Z)-11 myristoyl desaturases in the biosynthesis of Spodoptera littoralis sex pheromone. J. Am. Chem. Soc.119 (1997) 11335–11336.
Pinilla, A., Camps, F. and Fabrias, G. Cryptoregiochemistry of the Δ11-myristoyl-CoA desaturase involved in the biosynthesis of Spodoptera littoralis sex pheromone. Biochemistry38 (1999) 15272–15277. [DOI] [PMID: 10563812]
[EC 22.214.171.124 created 2000 as EC 126.96.36.199, transferred 2015 to EC 188.8.131.52]