In those organisms producing N-formylmethionyl-tRNAfMet for translation initiation, this enzyme also recognizes the initiator tRNAfMet and catalyses the formation of L-methionyl-tRNAfMet, the substrate for EC 18.104.22.168, methionyl-tRNA formyltransferase.
Bergmann, F.H., Berg, P. and Dieckmann, M. The enzymic synthesis of amino acyl derivatives of ribonucleic acid. II. The preparation of leucyl-, valyl-, isoleucyl- and methionyl ribonucleic acid synthetases from Escherichia coli. J. Biol. Chem.236 (1961) 1735–1740.
Lee, C.P., Dyson, M.R., Mandal, N., Varshney, U., Bahramian, B. and RajBhandary, U.L. Striking effects of coupling mutations in the acceptor stem on recognition of tRNAs by Escherichia coli Met-tRNA synthetase and Met-tRNA transformylase. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA89 (1992) 9262–9266. [PMID: 1409632]