The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: spore photoproduct lyase
Reaction: (5R)-5,6-dihydro-5-(thymidin-7-yl)thymidine (in double-helical DNA) = thymidylyl-(3′→5′)-thymidylate (in double-helical DNA)
For diagram click here
Other name(s): SAM; SP lyase; SPL; SplB; SplG
Systematic name: spore photoproduct pyrimidine-lyase
Comments: This enzyme is a member of the ’AdoMet radical’ (radical SAM) family. The enzyme binds a [4Fe-4S] cluster. The cluster is coordinated by 3 cysteines and an exchangeable SAM molecule [3]. The 5′-deoxy-adenosine radical formed after electron transfer from the [4Fe-4S] cluster to the S-adenosyl-L-methionine, initiates the repair by abstracting the C-6 hydrogen of the spore photoproduct lesion. During the second part of the repair process the SAM molecule is regenerated [3].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 37290-70-3
1.  Chandor, A., Berteau, O., Douki, T., Gasparutto, D., Sanakis, Y., Ollagnier-de-Choudens, S., Atta, M. and Fontecave, M. Dinucleotide spore photoproduct, a minimal substrate of the DNA repair spore photoproduct lyase enzyme from Bacillus subtilis. J. Biol. Chem. 281 (2006) 26922–26931. [PMID: 16829676]
2.  Pieck, J.C., Hennecke, U., Pierik, A.J., Friedel, M.G. and Carell, T. Characterization of a new thermophilic spore photoproduct lyase from Geobacillus stearothermophilus (SplG) with defined lesion containing DNA substrates. J. Biol. Chem. 281 (2006) 36317–36326. [PMID: 16968710]
3.  Buis, J.M., Cheek, J., Kalliri, E. and Broderick, J.B. Characterization of an active spore photoproduct lyase, a DNA repair enzyme in the radical S-adenosylmethionine superfamily. J. Biol. Chem. 281 (2006) 25994–26003. [PMID: 16829680]
4.  Mantel, C., Chandor, A., Gasparutto, D., Douki, T., Atta, M., Fontecave, M., Bayle, P.-A., Mouesca, J.-M. and Bardet, M. Combined NMR and DFT studies for the absolute configuration elucidation of the spore photoproduct, a UV-induced DNA lesion. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130 (2008) 16978–16984. [PMID: 19012397]
5.  Silver, S.C., Chandra, T., Zilinskas, E., Ghose, S., Broderick, W.E. and Broderick, J.B. Complete stereospecific repair of a synthetic dinucleotide spore photoproduct by spore photoproduct lyase. J. Biol. Inorg. Chem. 15 (2010) 943–955. [PMID: 20405152]
[EC created 2009, modified 2010]

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