The Enzyme Database

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EC 4.1.3.16     
Accepted name: 4-hydroxy-2-oxoglutarate aldolase
Reaction: 4-hydroxy-2-oxoglutarate = pyruvate + glyoxylate
Other name(s): 2-oxo-4-hydroxyglutarate aldolase; hydroxyketoglutaric aldolase; 4-hydroxy-2-ketoglutaric aldolase; 2-keto-4-hydroxyglutaric aldolase; 4-hydroxy-2-ketoglutarate aldolase; 2-keto-4-hydroxyglutarate aldolase; 2-oxo-4-hydroxyglutaric aldolase; DL-4-hydroxy-2-ketoglutarate aldolase; hydroxyketoglutarate aldolase; 2-keto-4-hydroxybutyrate aldolase; 4-hydroxy-2-oxoglutarate glyoxylate-lyase; KHGA
Systematic name: 4-hydroxy-2-oxoglutarate glyoxylate-lyase (pyruvate-forming)
Comments: The enzymes from rat liver and bovine liver act on both enantiomers of 4-hydroxy-2-oxoglutarate. cf. EC 4.1.3.42, L-4-hydroxy-2-oxoglutarate aldolase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, GTD, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9030-81-3
References:
1.  Kuratomi, K. and Fukunaga, K. The metabolism of γ-hydroxyglutamate in rat liver. I. Enzymic synthesis of γ-hydroxy-α-ketoglutarate from pyruvate and glyoxalate. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 78 (1963) 617–628. [PMID: 14089442]
2.  Kobes, R.D. and Dekker, E.E. 2-Keto-4-hydroxyglutarate aldolase of bovine liver. Purification, criteria of purity, and general properties. J. Biol. Chem. 244 (1969) 1919–1925. [PMID: 5780845]
3.  Lane, R.S., Shapley, A. and Dekker, E.E. 2-keto-4-hydroxybutyrate aldolase. Identification as 2-keto-4-hydroxyglutarate aldolase, catalytic properties, and role in the mammalian metabolism of L-homoserine. Biochemistry 10 (1971) 1353–1364. [PMID: 5580656]
4.  Scholtz, J.M. and Schuster, S.M. Regulation of rat liver 4-hydroxy-2-ketoglutarate aldolase. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 869 (1986) 192–196. [PMID: 3942759]
[EC 4.1.3.16 created 1972 (EC 4.1.2.1 created 1961, incorporated 1972, EC 4.1.2.31 created 1978, incorporated 1982)]
 
 


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