||The enzyme, which participates in a pathway for folate biosynthesis, is found in the Stramenopiles, a large group that includes oomycetes, various microalgae and brown algae, as well as in several bacterial phyla. It provides a bypass mechanism compensating for the lack of EC 18.104.22.168, dihydroneopterin aldolase. In the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum the enzyme is bifunctional and also catalyses the activity of EC 22.214.171.124, 6-pyruvoyltetrahydropterin synthase. cf. EC 126.96.36.199, dihydroneopterin phosphate aldolase.
||Dittrich, S., Mitchell, S.L., Blagborough, A.M., Wang, Q., Wang, P., Sims, P.F. and Hyde, J.E. An atypical orthologue of 6-pyruvoyltetrahydropterin synthase can provide the missing link in the folate biosynthesis pathway of malaria parasites. Mol. Microbiol. 67 (2008) 609–618. [DOI] [PMID: 18093090]
||Hyde, J.E., Dittrich, S., Wang, P., Sims, P.F., de Crecy-Lagard, V. and Hanson, A.D. Plasmodium falciparum: a paradigm for alternative folate biosynthesis in diverse microorganisms. Trends Parasitol. 24 (2008) 502–508. [DOI] [PMID: 18805734]
||Pribat, A., Jeanguenin, L., Lara-Nunez, A., Ziemak, M.J., Hyde, J.E., de Crecy-Lagard, V. and Hanson, A.D. 6-pyruvoyltetrahydropterin synthase paralogs replace the folate synthesis enzyme dihydroneopterin aldolase in diverse bacteria. J. Bacteriol. 191 (2009) 4158–4165. [DOI] [PMID: 19395485]