The Enzyme Database

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EC 3.2.1.14     
Accepted name: chitinase
Reaction: Random hydrolysis of N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminide (1→4)-β-linkages in chitin and chitodextrins
Glossary: chitin = [4)-β-D-GlcpNAc(1→]n = (1→4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-β-D-glucan
Other name(s): chitodextrinase; 1,4-β-poly-N-acetylglucosaminidase; poly-β-glucosaminidase; β-1,4-poly-N-acetyl glucosamidinase; poly[1,4-(N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminide)] glycanohydrolase
Systematic name: (1→4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-β-D-glucan glycanohydrolase
Comments: Some chitinases also display the activity defined in EC 3.2.1.17 lysozyme.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9001-06-3
References:
1.  Fischer, E.H. and Stein, E.A. Cleavage of O- and S-glycosidic bonds (survey). In: Boyer, P.D., Lardy, H. and Myrbäck, K. (Eds), The Enzymes, 2nd edn, vol. 4, Academic Press, New York, 1960, pp. 301–312.
2.  Tracey, M.V. Chitinase in some basidiomycetes. Biochem. J. 61 (1955) 579–586. [PMID: 13276340]
3.  Zechmeister, L. and Tóth, G. Chromatographic adsorption of the enzymes of emulsin which act on chitins. Enzymologia 7 (1939) 165–169.
[EC 3.2.1.14 created 1961]
 
 


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