The Enzyme Database

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EC 3.1.4.4     
Accepted name: phospholipase D
Reaction: a phosphatidylcholine + H2O = choline + a phosphatidate
Other name(s): lipophosphodiesterase II; lecithinase D; choline phosphatase
Systematic name: phosphatidylcholine phosphatidohydrolase
Comments: Also acts on other phosphatidyl esters.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9001-87-0
References:
1.  Astrachan, L. The bond hydrolyzed by cardiolipin-specific phospholipase D. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 296 (1973) 79–88. [PMID: 4632675]
2.  Einset, E. and Clark, W.L. The enzymatically catalyzed release of choline from lecithin. J. Biol. Chem. 231 (1958) 703–715. [PMID: 13539005]
3.  Hanahan, D.J. and Chaikoff, I.L. On the nature of the phosphorus-containing lipides of cabbage leaves and their relation to a phospholipide-splitting enzyme contained in these leaves. J. Biol. Chem. 172 (1948) 191–198.
4.  Tookey, H.L. and Balls, A.K. Plant phospholipase D. I. Studies on cottonseed and cabbage phospholipase D. J. Biol. Chem. 218 (1956) 213–224. [PMID: 13278329]
[EC 3.1.4.4 created 1961]
 
 


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