The Enzyme Database

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EC 3.1.1.25     
Accepted name: 1,4-lactonase
Reaction: a 1,4-lactone + H2O = a 4-hydroxyacid
Other name(s): γ-lactonase
Systematic name: 1,4-lactone hydroxyacylhydrolase
Comments: The enzyme is specific for 1,4-lactones with 4-8 carbon atoms. It does not hydrolyse simple aliphatic esters, acetylcholine, sugar lactones or substituted aliphatic lactones, e.g. 3-hydroxy-4-butyrolactone; requires Ca2+.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 37278-38-9
References:
1.  Fishbein, W.N. and Bessman, S.P. Purification and properties of an enzyme in human blood and rat liver microsomes catalyzing the formation and hydrolysis of γ-lactones. I. Tissue localization, stoichiometry, specificity, distinction from esterase. J. Biol. Chem. 241 (1966) 4835–4841. [PMID: 4958984]
2.  Fishbein, W.N. and Bessman, S.P. Purification and properties of an enzyme in human blood and rat liver microsomes catalyzing the formation and hydrolysis of γ-lactones. II. Metal ion effects, kinetics, and equilibria. J. Biol. Chem. 241 (1966) 4842–4847. [PMID: 4958985]
[EC 3.1.1.25 created 1972, modified 1981]
 
 


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