The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: sphingosine kinase
Reaction: ATP + a sphingoid base = ADP + a sphingoid base 1-phosphate
Other name(s): SPHK1 (gene name); SPHK2 (gene name); dihydrosphingosine kinase; dihydrosphingosine kinase (phosphorylating); sphingosine kinase (phosphorylating); sphingoid base kinase; sphinganine kinase; ATP:sphinganine 1-phosphotransferase
Systematic name: ATP:sphingoid base 1-phosphotransferase
Comments: The enzyme is involved in the production of sphingolipid metabolites. It phosphorylates various sphingoid long-chain bases, such as sphingosine, D-erythro-dihydrosphingosine (sphinganine), phytosphingosine (4-hydroxysphinganine), 4-hydroxy-8-sphingenine, 4,8-sphingadienine and D-threo-dihydrosphingosine and L-threo-dihydrosphingosine. The exact substrate range depends on the species.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 50864-48-7
1.  Stoffel, W., Heimann, G. and Hellenbroich, B. Sphingosine kinase in blood platelets. Hoppe-Seyler's Z. Physiol. Chem. 354 (1973) 562–566. [PMID: 4372149]
2.  Stoffel, W., Bauer, E. and Stahl, J. The metabolism of sphingosine bases in Tetrahymena pyriformis. Sphingosine kinase and sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase. Hoppe-Seyler's Z. Physiol. Chem. 355 (1974) 61–74. [PMID: 4373374]
3.  Nagiec, M.M., Skrzypek, M., Nagiec, E.E., Lester, R.L. and Dickson, R.C. The LCB4 (YOR171c) and LCB5 (YLR260w) genes of Saccharomyces encode sphingoid long chain base kinases. J. Biol. Chem. 273 (1998) 19437–19442. [PMID: 9677363]
4.  Kohama, T., Olivera, A., Edsall, L., Nagiec, M.M., Dickson, R. and Spiegel, S. Molecular cloning and functional characterization of murine sphingosine kinase. J. Biol. Chem. 273 (1998) 23722–23728. [PMID: 9726979]
5.  Liu, H., Sugiura, M., Nava, V.E., Edsall, L.C., Kono, K., Poulton, S., Milstien, S., Kohama, T. and Spiegel, S. Molecular cloning and functional characterization of a novel mammalian sphingosine kinase type 2 isoform. J. Biol. Chem. 275 (2000) 19513–19520. [PMID: 10751414]
6.  Worrall, D., Liang, Y.K., Alvarez, S., Holroyd, G.H., Spiegel, S., Panagopulos, M., Gray, J.E. and Hetherington, A.M. Involvement of sphingosine kinase in plant cell signalling. Plant J. 56 (2008) 64–72. [PMID: 18557834]
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