The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.5.1.31     
Accepted name: ditrans,polycis-undecaprenyl-diphosphate synthase [(2E,6E)-farnesyl-diphosphate specific]
Reaction: (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate + 8 isopentenyl diphosphate = 8 diphosphate + ditrans,octacis-undecaprenyl diphosphate
For diagram of di- and tritrans,polycis-polyprenol biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): di-trans,poly-cis-undecaprenyl-diphosphate synthase; undecaprenyl-diphosphate synthase; bactoprenyl-diphosphate synthase; UPP synthetase; undecaprenyl diphosphate synthetase; undecaprenyl pyrophosphate synthetase; di-trans,poly-cis-decaprenylcistransferase
Systematic name: (2E,6E)-farnesyl-diphosphate:isopentenyl-diphosphate cistransferase (adding 8 isopentenyl units)
Comments: Undecaprenyl pyrophosphate synthase catalyses the consecutive condensation reactions of a farnesyl diphosphate with eight isopentenyl diphosphates, in which new cis-double bonds are formed, to generate undecaprenyl diphosphate that serves as a lipid carrier for peptidoglycan synthesis of bacterial cell wall [3].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 52350-87-5
References:
1.  Muth, J.D. and Allen, C.M. Undecaprenyl pyrophosphate synthetase from Lactobacillus plantarum: a dimeric protein. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 230 (1984) 49–60. [PMID: 6712246]
2.  Takahashi, I. and Ogura, K. Prenyltransferases of Bacillus subtilis: undecaprenyl pyrophosphate synthetase and geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthetase. J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 92 (1982) 1527–1537. [PMID: 6818223]
3.  Guo, R.T., Ko, T.P., Chen, A.P., Kuo, C.J., Wang, A.H. and Liang, P.H. Crystal structures of undecaprenyl pyrophosphate synthase in complex with magnesium, isopentenyl pyrophosphate, and farnesyl thiopyrophosphate: roles of the metal ion and conserved residues in catalysis. J. Biol. Chem. 280 (2005) 20762–20774. [PMID: 15788389]
4.  Ko, T.P., Chen, Y.K., Robinson, H., Tsai, P.C., Gao, Y.G., Chen, A.P., Wang, A.H. and Liang, P.H. Mechanism of product chain length determination and the role of a flexible loop in Escherichia coli undecaprenyl-pyrophosphate synthase catalysis. J. Biol. Chem. 276 (2001) 47474–47482. [PMID: 11581264]
5.  Fujikura, K., Zhang, Y.W., Fujihashi, M., Miki, K. and Koyama, T. Mutational analysis of allylic substrate binding site of Micrococcus luteus B-P 26 undecaprenyl diphosphate synthase. Biochemistry 42 (2003) 4035–4041. [PMID: 12680756]
6.  Fujihashi, M., Zhang, Y.W., Higuchi, Y., Li, X.Y., Koyama, T. and Miki, K. Crystal structure of cis-prenyl chain elongating enzyme, undecaprenyl diphosphate synthase. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98 (2001) 4337–4342. [PMID: 11287651]
7.  Pan, J.J., Chiou, S.T. and Liang, P.H. Product distribution and pre-steady-state kinetic analysis of Escherichia coli undecaprenyl pyrophosphate synthase reaction. Biochemistry 39 (2000) 10936–10942. [PMID: 10978182]
8.  Kharel, Y., Zhang, Y.W., Fujihashi, M., Miki, K. and Koyama, T. Significance of highly conserved aromatic residues in Micrococcus luteus B-P 26 undecaprenyl diphosphate synthase. J. Biochem. 134 (2003) 819–826. [PMID: 14769870]
[EC 2.5.1.31 created 1984, modified 2011]
 
 


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