The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.4.99.1     
Accepted name: β-galactoside α-2,6-sialyltransferase
Reaction: CMP-N-acetylneuraminate + β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosamine = CMP + α-N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→6)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosamine
Other name(s): CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:β-D-galactosyl-1,4-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosamine α-2,6-N-acetylneuraminyltransferase
Systematic name: CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosamine α-(2→6)-N-acetylneuraminyltransferase
Comments: The terminal β-D-galactosyl residue of the oligosaccharide of glycoproteins, as well as lactose, can act as acceptor.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 9075-81-4
References:
1.  Bartholomew, B.A., Jourdian, G.W. and Roseman, S. The sialic acids. XV. Transfer of sialic acid to glycoproteins by a sialyltransferase from colostrum. J. Biol. Chem. 248 (1973) 5751–5762. [PMID: 4723915]
2.  Hickman, J., Ashwell, G., Morell, A.G., van der Hamer, C.J.A. and Scheinberg, I.H. Physical and chemical studies on ceruloplasmin. 8. Preparation of N-acetylneuraminic acid-1-14C-labeled ceruloplasmin. J. Biol. Chem. 245 (1970) 759–766. [PMID: 4313609]
3.  Paulson, J.C., Beranek, W.E. and Hill, R.L. Purification of a sialyltransferase from bovine colostrum by affinity chromatography on CDP-agarose. J. Biol. Chem. 252 (1977) 2356–2362. [PMID: 849932]
4.  Schachter, H., Narasimhan, S., Gleeson, P. and Vella, G. Glycosyltransferases involved in elongation of N-glycosidically linked oligosaccharides of the complex or N-acetyllactosamine type. Methods Enzymol. 98 (1983) 98–134. [PMID: 6366476]
5.  Spiro, M.H. and Spiro, R.G. Glycoprotein biosynthesis: studies on thyroglobulin. Thyroid sialyltransferase. J. Biol. Chem. 243 (1968) 6520–6528. [PMID: 5726897]
[EC 2.4.99.1 created 1972, modified 1976, modified 1986]
 
 


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