The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.1.1.180     
Accepted name: 16S rRNA (adenine1408-N1)-methyltransferase
Reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + adenine1408 in 16S rRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N1-methyladenine1408 in 16S rRNA
Other name(s): kanamycin-apramycin resistance methylase; 16S rRNA:m1A1408 methyltransferase; KamB; NpmA; 16S rRNA m1A1408 methyltransferase
Systematic name: S-adenosyl-L-methionine:16S rRNA (adenine1408-N1)-methyltransferase
Comments: The enzyme provides a panaminoglycoside-resistant nature through interference with the binding of aminoglycosides toward the A site of 16S rRNA through N1-methylation at position adenine1408 [4].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Beauclerk, A.A. and Cundliffe, E. Sites of action of two ribosomal RNA methylases responsible for resistance to aminoglycosides. J. Mol. Biol. 193 (1987) 661–671. [PMID: 2441068]
2.  Koscinski, L., Feder, M. and Bujnicki, J.M. Identification of a missing sequence and functionally important residues of 16S rRNA:m1A1408 methyltransferase KamB that causes bacterial resistance to aminoglycoside antibiotics. Cell Cycle 6 (2007) 1268–1271. [PMID: 17495534]
3.  Holmes, D.J., Drocourt, D., Tiraby, G. and Cundliffe, E. Cloning of an aminoglycoside-resistance-encoding gene, kamC, from Saccharopolyspora hirsuta: comparison with kamB from Streptomyces tenebrarius. Gene 102 (1991) 19–26. [PMID: 1840536]
4.  Wachino, J., Shibayama, K., Kurokawa, H., Kimura, K., Yamane, K., Suzuki, S., Shibata, N., Ike, Y. and Arakawa, Y. Novel plasmid-mediated 16S rRNA m1A1408 methyltransferase, NpmA, found in a clinically isolated Escherichia coli strain resistant to structurally diverse aminoglycosides. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 51 (2007) 4401–4409. [PMID: 17875999]
[EC 2.1.1.180 created 2010]
 
 


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