The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.4.1.18     
Accepted name: lysine 6-dehydrogenase
Reaction: L-lysine + NAD+ = (S)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine-2-carboxylate + NADH + H+ + NH3 (overall reaction)
(1a) L-lysine + NAD+ + H2O = (S)-2-amino-6-oxohexanoate + NADH + H+ + NH3
(1b) (S)-2-amino-6-oxohexanoate = (S)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine-2-carboxylate + H2O (spontaneous)
For diagram of reaction, click here and for diagram of L-lysine synthesis, click here
Glossary: (S)-2-amino-6-oxohexanoate = L-2-aminoadipate 6-semialdehyde = L-allysine
L-1-piperideine 6-carboxylate = (S)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine-2-carboxylate = (S)-1,6-didehydropiperidine-2-carboxylate
Other name(s): L-lysine ε-dehydrogenase; L-lysine 6-dehydrogenase; LysDH
Systematic name: L-lysine:NAD+ 6-oxidoreductase (deaminating)
Comments: The enzyme is highly specific for L-lysine as substrate, although S-(2-aminoethyl)-L-cysteine can act as a substrate, but more slowly. While the enzyme from Agrobacterium tumefaciens can use only NAD+, that from the thermophilic bacterium Geobacillus stearothermophilus can also use NADP+, but more slowly [1,4].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 89400-30-6
References:
1.  Misono, H. and Nagasaki, S. Occurrence of L-lysine ε-dehydrogenase in Agrobacterium tumefaciens. J. Bacteriol. 150 (1982) 398–401. [PMID: 6801024]
2.  Misono, H., Uehigashi, H., Morimoto, E. and Nagasaki, S. Purification and properties of L-lysine ε-dehydrogenase from Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Agric. Biol. Chem. 49 (1985) 2253–2255.
3.  Misono, H., Hashimoto, H., Uehigashi, H., Nagata, S. and Nagasaki, S. Properties of L-lysine ε-dehydrogenase from Agrobacterium tumefaciens. J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 105 (1989) 1002–1008. [PMID: 2768207]
4.  Heydari, M., Ohshima, T., Nunoura-Kominato, N. and Sakuraba, H. Highly stable L-lysine 6-dehydrogenase from the thermophile Geobacillus stearothermophilus isolated from a Japanese hot spring: characterization, gene cloning and sequencing, and expression. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70 (2004) 937–942. [PMID: 14766574]
[EC 1.4.1.18 created 1989, modified 2006, modified 2011]
 
 


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