The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: pyruvate synthase
Reaction: pyruvate + CoA + 2 oxidized ferredoxin = acetyl-CoA + CO2 + 2 reduced ferredoxin + 2 H+
For diagram of the 3-hydroxypropanoate/4-hydroxybutanoate cycle and dicarboxylate/4-hydroxybutanoate cycle in archaea, click here
Other name(s): pyruvate oxidoreductase; pyruvate synthetase; pyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase; pyruvic-ferredoxin oxidoreductase; 2-oxobutyrate synthase; α-ketobutyrate-ferredoxin oxidoreductase; 2-ketobutyrate synthase; α-ketobutyrate synthase; 2-oxobutyrate-ferredoxin oxidoreductase; 2-oxobutanoate:ferredoxin 2-oxidoreductase (CoA-propionylating); 2-oxobutanoate:ferredoxin 2-oxidoreductase (CoA-propanoylating)
Systematic name: pyruvate:ferredoxin 2-oxidoreductase (CoA-acetylating)
Comments: Contains thiamine diphosphate and [4Fe-4S] clusters. The enzyme also decarboxylates 2-oxobutyrate with lower efficiency, but shows no activity with 2-oxoglutarate. This enzyme is a member of the 2-oxoacid oxidoreductases, a family of enzymes that oxidatively decarboxylate different 2-oxoacids to form their CoA derivatives, and are differentiated based on their substrate specificity. For examples of other members of this family, see EC, 2-oxoglutarate synthase and EC, 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (ferredoxin).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9082-51-3
1.  Evans, M.C.W. and Buchanan, B.B. Photoreduction of ferredoxin and its use in carbon dioxide fixation by a subcellular system from a photosynthetic bacterium. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 53 (1965) 1420–1425. [PMID: 5217644]
2.  Gehring, U. and Arnon, D.I. Purification and properties of α-ketoglutarate synthase from a photosynthetic bacterium. J. Biol. Chem. 247 (1972) 6963–6969. [PMID: 4628267]
3.  Uyeda, K. and Rabinowitz, J.C. Pyruvate-ferredoxin oxidoreductase. 3. Purification and properties of the enzyme. J. Biol. Chem. 246 (1971) 3111–3119. [PMID: 5574389]
4.  Uyeda, K. and Rabinowitz, J.C. Pyruvate-ferredoxin oxidoreductase. IV. Studies on the reaction mechanism. J. Biol. Chem. 246 (1971) 3120–3125. [PMID: 4324891]
5.  Charon, M.-H., Volbeda, A., Chabriere, E., Pieulle, L. and Fontecilla-Camps, J.C. Structure and electron transfer mechanism of pyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase. Curr. Opin. Struct. Biol. 9 (1999) 663–669. [PMID: 10607667]
[EC created 1972, modified 2003, modified 2013]

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