The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.14.19.2     
Accepted name: acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] desaturase
Reaction: a stearoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + reduced acceptor + O2 = an oleoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + acceptor + 2 H2O
Other name(s): stearyl acyl carrier protein desaturase; stearyl-ACP desaturase; acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein], hydrogen-donor:oxygen oxidoreductase
Systematic name: acyl-[acyl-carrier protein],hydrogen-donor:oxygen oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme from safflower is specific for stearoyl-[acyl-carrier protein]; that from Euglena acts on derivatives of a number of long-chain fatty acids. Requires ferredoxin.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 37256-86-3
References:
1.  Jaworski, J.G. and Stumpf, P.K. Fat metabolism in higher plants. Properties of a soluble stearyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase from maturing Carthamus tinctorius. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 162 (1974) 158–165. [PMID: 4831331]
2.  Nagai, J. and Bloch, K. Enzymatic desaturation of stearyl acyl carrier protein. J. Biol. Chem. 243 (1968) 4626–4633. [PMID: 4300868]
[EC 1.14.19.2 created 1972 as EC 1.14.99.6, modified 2000, transferred 2000 to EC 1.14.19.2]
 
 


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