The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.14.15.23     
Accepted name: chloroacetanilide N-alkylformylase
Reaction: butachlor + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + O2 = 2-chloro-N-(2,6-diethylphenyl)acetamide + butyl formate + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + H2O
Glossary: butachlor = N-(butoxymethyl)-2-chloro-N-(2,6-diethylphenyl)acetamide
acetochlor = N-(ethoxymethyl)-2-chloro-N-(2-ethyl,6-methylphenyl)acetamide
alachlor = N-(methoxymethyl)-2-chloro-N-(2,6-diethylphenyl)acetamide
Other name(s): cndA (gene name)
Systematic name: butachlor,ferredoxin:oxygen oxidoreductase (butyl formate-releasing)
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Sphingomonas sp. DC-6, initiates the degradation of several chloroacetanilide herbicides, including alachlor, acetochlor, and butachlor. The enzyme is a Rieske non-heme iron oxygenase, and requires a ferredoxin and EC 1.18.1.3, ferredoxin-NAD+ reductase, for activity.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Chen, Q., Wang, C.H., Deng, S.K., Wu, Y.D., Li, Y., Yao, L., Jiang, J.D., Yan, X., He, J. and Li, S.P. Novel three-component Rieske non-heme iron oxygenase system catalyzing the N-dealkylation of chloroacetanilide herbicides in sphingomonads DC-6 and DC-2. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 80 (2014) 5078–5085. [PMID: 24928877]
[EC 1.14.15.23 created 2017]
 
 


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