The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.14.13.197     
Accepted name: dihydromonacolin L hydroxylase
Reaction: dihydromonacolin L acid + O2 + NADPH + H+ = monacolin L acid + NADP+ + 2 H2O (overall reaction)
(1a) dihydromonacolin L acid + O2 + NADPH + H+ = 3α-hydroxy-3,5-dihydromonacolin L acid + NADP+ + H2O
(1b) 3α-hydroxy-3,5-dihydromonacolin L acid = monacolin L acid + H2O (spontaneous)
For diagram of lovastatin biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: dihydromonacolin L acid = (3R,5R)-7-[(1S,2S,4aR,6R,8aS)-2,6-dimethyl-1,2,4a,5,6,7,8,8a-octahydronaphthalen1yl]-3,5-dihydroxyheptanoate
monacolin L acid = (3R,5R)-7-[(1S,2S,6R,8aR)-2,6-dimethyl-1,2,6,7,8,8a-hexahydronaphthalen-1-yl]-3,5-dihydroxyheptanoate
3α-hydroxy-3,5-dihydromonacolin L = (3R,5R)-7-[(1R,2R,3S,6R,8aR)-3-hydroxy-2,6-dimethyl-1,2,3,5,6,7,8,8a-octahydronaphthalen-1-yl]-3,5-dihydroxyheptanoate
Other name(s): LovA (ambiguous)
Systematic name: dihydromonacolin L acid,NADPH:oxygen oxidoreductase (3-hydroxylating)
Comments: A heme-thiolate protein (cytochrome P-450). The dehydration of 3α-hydroxy-3,5-dihydromonacolin L acid is believed to be spontaneous [1,2]. The enzyme from fungi also catalyses the reaction of EC 1.14.13.198, monacolin L hydroxylase [3].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Treiber, L.R., Reamer, R.A., Rooney, C.S. and Ramjit, H.G. Origin of monacolin L from Aspergillus terreus cultures. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo) 42 (1989) 30–36. [PMID: 2921224]
2.  Nakamura, T., Komagata, D., Murakawa, S., Sakai, K. and Endo, A. Isolation and biosynthesis of 3α-hydroxy-3,5-dihydromonacolin L. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo) 43 (1990) 1597–1600. [PMID: 2276977]
3.  Barriuso, J., Nguyen, D.T., Li, J.W., Roberts, J.N., MacNevin, G., Chaytor, J.L., Marcus, S.L., Vederas, J.C. and Ro, D.K. Double oxidation of the cyclic nonaketide dihydromonacolin L to monacolin J by a single cytochrome P450 monooxygenase, LovA. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133 (2011) 8078–8081. [PMID: 21495633]
[EC 1.14.13.197 created 2014]
 
 


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