The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: biphenyl-2,3-diol 1,2-dioxygenase
Reaction: biphenyl-2,3-diol + O2 = 2-hydroxy-6-oxo-6-phenylhexa-2,4-dienoate
Other name(s): 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl dioxygenase; biphenyl-2,3-diol dioxygenase; bphC (gene name); biphenyl-2,3-diol:oxygen 1,2-oxidoreductase (decyclizing)
Systematic name: biphenyl-2,3-diol:oxygen 1,2-oxidoreductase (ring-opening)
Comments: Contains Fe2+ or Mn2+ [3]. This enzyme participates in the degradation pathway of biphenyl and PCB (poly chlorinated biphenyls), and catalyses the first ring cleavage step by incorporating two oxygen atoms into the catechol ring formed by EC, cis-2,3-dihydrobiphenyl-2,3-diol dehydrogenase.The enzyme from the bacterium Burkholderia xenovorans LB400 can also process catechol, 3-methylcatechol, and 4-methylcatechol, but less efficiently [1]. The enzyme from the carbazole-degrader Pseudomonas resinovorans strain CA10 also accepts 2′-aminobiphenyl-2,3-diol [5]. The enzyme from Ralstonia sp. SBUG 290 can also accept 1,2-dihydroxydibenzofuran and 1,2-dihydroxynaphthalene [4]. The enzyme is strongly inhibited by the substrate [1].Not identical with EC catechol 2,3-dioxygenase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, UM-BBD, CAS registry number: 103679-58-9
1.  Eltis, L.D., Hofmann, B., Hecht, H.J., Lunsdorf, H. and Timmis, K.N. Purification and crystallization of 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl 1,2-dioxygenase. J. Biol. Chem. 268 (1993) 2727–2732. [PMID: 8428946]
2.  Uragami, Y., Senda, T., Sugimoto, K., Sato, N., Nagarajan, V., Masai, E., Fukuda, M. and Mitsu, Y. Crystal structures of substrate free and complex forms of reactivated BphC, an extradiol type ring-cleavage dioxygenase. J. Inorg. Biochem. 83 (2001) 269–279. [DOI] [PMID: 11293547]
3.  Hatta, T., Mukerjee-Dhar, G., Damborsky, J., Kiyohara, H. and Kimbara, K. Characterization of a novel thermostable Mn(II)-dependent 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl 1,2-dioxygenase from a polychlorinated biphenyl- and naphthalene-degrading Bacillus sp. JF8. J. Biol. Chem. 278 (2003) 21483–21492. [DOI] [PMID: 12672826]
4.  Wesche, J., Hammer, E., Becher, D., Burchhardt, G. and Schauer, F. The bphC gene-encoded 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl-1,2-dioxygenase is involved in complete degradation of dibenzofuran by the biphenyl-degrading bacterium Ralstonia sp. SBUG 290. J. Appl. Microbiol. 98 (2005) 635–645. [DOI] [PMID: 15715866]
5.  Iwata, K., Nojiri, H., Shimizu, K., Yoshida, T., Habe, H. and Omori, T. Expression, purification, and characterization of 2′-aminobiphenyl-2,3-diol 1,2-dioxygenase from carbazole-degrader Pseudomonas resinovorans strain CA10. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 67 (2003) 300–307. [PMID: 12728990]
[EC created 1989]

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