This enzyme acts in concert with EC 18.104.22.168, glycine C-acetyltransferase, in the degradation of threonine to glycine. This threonine-degradation pathway is common to prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and the two enzymes involved form a complex . In aqueous solution, the product L-2-amino-3-oxobutanoate can spontaneously decarboxylate to form aminoacetone.
Green, M.L. and Elliott, W.H. The enzymic formation of aminoacetone from threonine and its further metabolism. Biochem. J.92 (1964) 537–549. [PMID: 4284408]
Hartshorne, D. and Greenberg, D.M. Studies on liver threonine dehydrogenase. Arch. Biochem. Biophys.105 (1964) 173–178. [PMID: 14165492]
Newman, E.B., Kapoor, V. and Potter, R. Role of L-threonine dehydrogenase in the catabolism of threonine and synthesis of glycine by Escherichia coli. J. Bacteriol.126 (1976) 1245–1249. [PMID: 7548]
Epperly, B.R. and Dekker, E.E. L-Threonine dehydrogenase from Escherichia coli. Identification of an active site cysteine residue and metal ion studies. J. Biol. Chem.266 (1991) 6086–6092. [PMID: 2007567]