The Enzyme Database

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EC 6.3.2.54     
Accepted name: L-2,3-diaminopropanoate—citrate ligase
Reaction: ATP + L-2,3-diaminopropanoate + citrate = AMP + diphosphate + 2-[(L-alanin-3-ylcarbamoyl)methyl]-2-hydroxybutanedioate
Glossary: staphyloferrin B = 5-[(2-{[(3S)-5-{[(2S)-2-amino-2-carboxyethyl]amino}-3-carboxy-3-hydroxy-5-oxopentanoyl]amino}ethyl)amino]-2,5-dioxopentanoate
Other name(s): sbnE (gene name); 2-[(L-alanin-3-ylcarbamoyl)methyl]-2-hydroxybutanedioate synthtase
Systematic name: L-2,3-diaminopropanoate:citrate ligase (2-[(L-alanin-3-ylcarbamoyl)methyl]-2-hydroxybutanedioate-forming)
Comments: Requires Mg2+. The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, is involved in the biosynthesis of the siderophore staphyloferrin B. It belongs to a class of siderophore synthases known as type A nonribosomal peptide synthase-independent synthases (NIS). Type A NIS enzymes are responsible for the formation of amide or ester bonds between polyamines or amino alcohols and a prochiral carboxyl group of citrate. The enzyme forms a citrate adenylate intermediate prior to ligation.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Dale, S.E., Doherty-Kirby, A., Lajoie, G. and Heinrichs, D.E. Role of siderophore biosynthesis in virulence of Staphylococcus aureus: identification and characterization of genes involved in production of a siderophore. Infect. Immun. 72 (2004) 29–37. [PMID: 14688077]
2.  Cheung, J., Beasley, F.C., Liu, S., Lajoie, G.A. and Heinrichs, D.E. Molecular characterization of staphyloferrin B biosynthesis in Staphylococcus aureus. Mol. Microbiol. 74 (2009) 594–608. [PMID: 19775248]
[EC 6.3.2.54 created 2019]
 
 


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