The Enzyme Database

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EC 4.1.1.105     
Accepted name: L-tryptophan decarboxylase
Reaction: L-tryptophan = tryptamine + CO2
For diagram of psilocybin biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): psiD (gene name); TDC (gene name)
Systematic name: L-tryptophan carboxy-lyase
Comments: The enzyme has been characterized from bacteria, plants, and fungi. Unlike EC 4.1.1.28, aromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylase, this enzyme is specific for L-tryptophan.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Noe, W., Mollenschott, C. and Berlin, J. Tryptophan decarboxylase from Catharanthus roseus cell suspension cultures: purification, molecular and kinetic data of the homogenous protein. Plant Mol. Biol. 3 (1984) 281–288. [DOI] [PMID: 24310513]
2.  Buki, K.G., Vinh, D.Q. and Horvath, I. Partial purification and some properties of tryptophan decarboxylase from a Bacillus strain. Acta Microbiol Hung 32 (1985) 65–73. [PMID: 4036551]
3.  Nakazawa, H., Kumagai, H. and Yamada, H. Constitutive aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase from Micrococcus percitreus. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 61 (1974) 75–82. [DOI] [PMID: 4441405]
4.  Lopez-Meyer, M. and Nessler, C.L. Tryptophan decarboxylase is encoded by two autonomously regulated genes in Camptotheca acuminata which are differentially expressed during development and stress. Plant J. 11 (1997) 1167–1175. [DOI] [PMID: 9225462]
5.  Fricke, J., Blei, F. and Hoffmeister, D. Enzymatic synthesis of psilocybin. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 56 (2017) 12352–12355. [DOI] [PMID: 28763571]
[EC 4.1.1.105 created 2017]
 
 


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