The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: dioscin glycosidase (diosgenin-forming)
Reaction: 3-O-[α-L-Rha-(1→4)-[α-L-Rha-(1→2)]-β-D-Glc]diosgenin + 3 H2O = D-glucose + 2 L-rhamnose + diosgenin
For diagram of diosgenin catabolism, click here
Glossary: 3-O-[α-L-Rha-(1→4)-[α-L-Rha-(1→2)]-β-D-Glc]diosgenin = (3β,25R)-spirost-5-en-3-yl 6-deoxy-α-L-mannopyranosyl-(1→2)-[6-deoxy-α-L-mannopyranosyl-(1→4)]-β-D-glucopyranoside = dioscin
diosgenin = (3β,25R)-spirost-5-en-3-ol
Other name(s): dioscin glycosidase (aglycone-forming)
Systematic name: 3-O-[α-L-Rha-(1→4)-[α-L-Rha-(1→2)]-β-D-Glc]diosgenin hydrolase (diosgenin-forming)
Comments: The enzyme is involved in degradation of the steroid saponin dioscin by some fungi of the Absidia genus. The enzyme can also hydrolyse 3-O-[α-L-Ara-(1→4)-[α-L-Rha-(1→2)]-β-D-Glc]diosgenin into diosgenin and free sugars as the final products. cf. EC, dioscin glycosidase (3-O-β-D-Glc-diosgenin-forming).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Fu, Y., Yu, H., Tang, S.H., Hu, X., Wang, Y., Liu, B., Yu, C. and Jin, F. New dioscin-glycosidase hydrolyzing multi-glycosides of dioscin from Absidia strain. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 20 (2010) 1011–1017. [PMID: 20622501]
[EC created 2013]

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