The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: lysophospholipase
Reaction: 2-lysophosphatidylcholine + H2O = glycerophosphocholine + a carboxylate
Other name(s): lecithinase B; lysolecithinase; phospholipase B; lysophosphatidase; lecitholipase; phosphatidase B; lysophosphatidylcholine hydrolase; lysophospholipase A1; lysophopholipase L2; lysophospholipase transacylase; neuropathy target esterase; NTE; NTE-LysoPLA; NTE-lysophospholipase
Systematic name: 2-lysophosphatidylcholine acylhydrolase
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9001-85-8
1.  Abe, M., Ohno, K. and Sato, R. Possible identity of lysolecithin acyl-hydrolase with lysolecithin-lysolecithin acyl-transferase in rat-lung soluble fraction. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 369 (1974) 361–370.
2.  Contardi, A. and Ercoli, A. The enzymic cleavage of lecithin and lysolecithin. Biochem. Z. 261 (1933) 275–302.
3.  Dawson, R.M.C. Studies on the hydrolysis of lecithin by Penicillium notatum phospholipase B preparation. Biochem. J. 70 (1958) 559–570. [PMID: 13607409]
4.  Fairbairn, D. The preparation and properties of a lysophospholipase from Penicillium notatum. J. Biol. Chem. 173 (1948) 705–714. [PMID: 18910725]
5.  Shapiro, B. Purification and properties of a lysolecithinase from pancreas. Biochem. J. 53 (1953) 663–666. [PMID: 13032127]
6.  van den Bosch, H., Aarsman, A.J., De Jong, J.G.N. and van Deenen, L.L.M. Studies on lysophospholipases. I. Purification and some properties of a lysophospholipase from beef pancreas. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 296 (1973) 94–104. [DOI] [PMID: 4693514]
7.  van den Bosch, H., Vianen, G.M. and van Heusden, G.P.H. Lysophospholipase-transacylase from rat lung. Methods Enzymol. 71 (1981) 513–521. [PMID: 7278668]
8.  van Tienhoven, M., Atkins, J., Li, Y. and Glynn, P. Human neuropathy target esterase catalyzes hydrolysis of membrane lipids. J. Biol. Chem. 277 (2002) 20942–20948. [DOI] [PMID: 11927584]
9.  Quistad, G.B., Barlow, C., Winrow, C.J., Sparks, S.E. and Casida, J.E. Evidence that mouse brain neuropathy target esterase is a lysophospholipase. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100 (2003) 7983–7987. [DOI] [PMID: 12805562]
10.  Lush, M.J., Li, Y., Read, D.J., Willis, A.C. and Glynn, P. Neuropathy target esterase and a homologous Drosophila neurodegeneration-associated mutant protein contain a novel domain conserved from bacteria to man. Biochem. J. 332 (1998) 1–4. [PMID: 9576844]
11.  Winrow, C.J., Hemming, M.L., Allen, D.M., Quistad, G.B., Casida, J.E. and Barlow, C. Loss of neuropathy target esterase in mice links organophosphate exposure to hyperactivity. Nat. Genet. 33 (2003) 477–485. [DOI] [PMID: 12640454]
[EC created 1961, modified 1976, modified 1983]

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