The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.8.3.27     
Accepted name: propanoyl-CoA:succinate CoA transferase
Reaction: propanoyl-CoA + succinate = propanoate + succinyl-CoA
Other name(s): succinyl-CoA:propionate CoA-transferase; propionyl-CoA:succinyl-CoA transferase; ASCT; scpC (gene name)
Systematic name: propanoyl-CoA:succinate CoA transferase
Comments: The enzyme is most specific in Escherichia coli, where the preferred substrates are propanoyl-CoA and succinate. In other organisms, the enzyme uses acetyl-CoA at the same rate as propanoyl-CoA (cf. EC 2.8.3.18, succinyl-CoA:acetate CoA-transferase).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Allen, S. H., Kellermeyer, R. W., Stjernholm, R. L., and Wood, H. G. Purification and properties of enzymes involved in the propionic acid fermentation. J. Bacteriol. 87 (1964) 171–187. [DOI] [PMID: 14102852]
2.  Schulz, T.KF. and Kluytmans, J.H. Pathway of propionate synthesis in the sea mussel Mytilus edulis L. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B. Comp. Biochem. 75 (1983) 365–372. [DOI]
3.  Haller, T., Buckel, T., Retey, J. and Gerlt, J.A. Discovering new enzymes and metabolic pathways: conversion of succinate to propionate by Escherichia coli. Biochemistry 39 (2000) 4622–4629. [DOI] [PMID: 10769117]
4.  van Grinsven, K.W., van Hellemond, J.J. and Tielens, A.G. Acetate:succinate CoA-transferase in the anaerobic mitochondria of Fasciola hepatica. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 164 (2009) 74–79. [DOI] [PMID: 19103231]
5.  Zhang, B., Lingga, C., Bowman, C. and Hackmann, T.J. A new pathway for forming acetate and synthesizing ATP during fermentation in bacteria. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 87 (2021) e0295920. [DOI] [PMID: 33931420]
[EC 2.8.3.27 created 2022]
 
 


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