The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: 4-aminobutyrate—pyruvate transaminase
Reaction: (1) 4-aminobutanoate + pyruvate = succinate semialdehyde + L-alanine
(2) 4-aminobutanoate + glyoxylate = succinate semialdehyde + glycine
Other name(s): aminobutyrate aminotransferase (ambiguous); γ-aminobutyrate aminotransaminase (ambiguous); γ-aminobutyrate transaminase (ambiguous); γ-aminobutyric acid aminotransferase (ambiguous); γ-aminobutyric acid pyruvate transaminase; γ-aminobutyric acid transaminase (ambiguous); γ-aminobutyric transaminase (ambiguous); 4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase (ambiguous); 4-aminobutyric acid aminotransferase (ambiguous); aminobutyrate transaminase (ambiguous); GABA aminotransferase (ambiguous); GABA transaminase (ambiguous); GABA transferase (ambiguous); POP2 (gene name)
Systematic name: 4-aminobutanoate:pyruvate aminotransferase
Comments: Requires pyridoxal 5′-phosphate. The enzyme is found in plants that do not have the 2-oxoglutarate dependent enzyme (cf. EC The reaction with pyruvate is reversible while the reaction with glyoxylate only takes place in the forward direction.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Van Cauwenberghe, O.R. and Shelp, B.J. Biochemical characterization of partially purified gaba:pyruvate transaminase from Nicotiana tabacum. Phytochemistry 52 (1999) 575–581.
2.  Palanivelu, R., Brass, L., Edlund, A.F. and Preuss, D. Pollen tube growth and guidance is regulated by POP2, an Arabidopsis gene that controls GABA levels. Cell 114 (2003) 47–59. [DOI] [PMID: 12859897]
3.  Clark, S.M., Di Leo, R., Dhanoa, P.K., Van Cauwenberghe, O.R., Mullen, R.T. and Shelp, B.J. Biochemical characterization, mitochondrial localization, expression, and potential functions for an Arabidopsis γ-aminobutyrate transaminase that utilizes both pyruvate and glyoxylate. J. Exp. Bot. 60 (2009) 1743–1757. [DOI] [PMID: 19264755]
4.  Clark, S.M., Di Leo, R., Van Cauwenberghe, O.R., Mullen, R.T. and Shelp, B.J. Subcellular localization and expression of multiple tomato γ-aminobutyrate transaminases that utilize both pyruvate and glyoxylate. J. Exp. Bot. 60 (2009) 3255–3267. [DOI] [PMID: 19470656]
[EC created 2012]

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