The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.4.1.140     
Accepted name: alternansucrase
Reaction: Transfers alternately an α-D-glucosyl residue from sucrose to the 6-position and the 3-position of the non-reducing terminal residue of an α-D-glucan, thus producing a glucan having alternating α-(1→6)- and α-(1→3)-linkages
Other name(s): sucrose-1,6(3)-α-glucan 6(3)-α-glucosyltransferase; sucrose:1,6-, 1,3-α-D-glucan 3-α- and 6-α-D-glucosyltransferase; sucrose:1,6(1,3)-α-D-glucan 6(3)-α-D-glucosyltransferase
Systematic name: sucrose:(1→6)[(1→3)]-α-D-glucan 6(3)-α-D-glucosyltransferase
Comments: The glucansucrases transfer a D-glucosyl residue from sucrose to a glucan chain. They are classified based on the linkage by which they attach the transferred residue. In some cases, in which the enzyme forms more than one linkage type, classification relies on the relative proportion of the linkages that are generated. This enzyme forms both α(1→3) and α(1→6) linkages in approximately equal amounts by alternating the linkage type. cf. EC 2.4.1.125, sucrose—1,6-α-glucan 3(6)-α-glucosyltransferase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 100630-46-4
References:
1.  Cote, G.L. and Robyt, J.F. Isolation and partial characterization of an extracellular glucansucrase from Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-1355 that synthesizes an alternating (1→6), (1→3)-α-D-glucan. Carbohydr. Res. 101 (1982) 57–74. [DOI] [PMID: 7060056]
2.  Arguello-Morales, M.A., Remaud-Simeon, M., Pizzut, S., Sarcabal, P., Willemot, R. and Monsan, P. Sequence analysis of the gene encoding alternansucrase, a sucrose glucosyltransferase from Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-1355. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 182 (2000) 81–85. [PMID: 10612736]
[EC 2.4.1.140 created 1984, modified 2003]
 
 


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