The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: anthocyanidin 3-O-glucosyltransferase
Reaction: UDP-D-glucose + an anthocyanidin = UDP + an anthocyanidin-3-O-β-D-glucoside
For diagram of anthocyanin biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): uridine diphosphoglucose-anthocyanidin 3-O-glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:anthocyanidin/flavonol 3-O-glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:cyanidin-3-O-glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:anthocyanidin 3-O-D-glucosyltransferase; 3-GT
Systematic name: UDP-D-glucose:anthocyanidin 3-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Comments: The anthocyanidin compounds cyanidin, delphinidin, peonidin and to a lesser extent pelargonidin can act as substrates. The enzyme does not catalyse glucosylation of the 5-position of cyanidin and does not act on flavanols such as quercetin and kaempferol (cf. EC flavonol 3-O-glucosyltransferase). In conjunction with EC, anthocyanidin oxygenase, it is involved in the conversion of leucoanthocyanidin into anthocyanidin 3-glucoside. It may act on the pseudobase precursor of the anthocyanidin rather than on the anthocyanidin itself [3].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 65607-32-1
1.  Kamsteeg, J., van Brederode, J. and van Nigtevecht, G. Identification and properties of UDP-glucose: cyanidin-3-O-glucosyltransferase isolated from petals of the red campion (Silene dioica). Biochem. Genet. 16 (1978) 1045–1058. [PMID: 751640]
2.  Ford, C.M., Boss, P.K. and Høj, P.B. Cloning and characterization of Vitis vinifera UDP-glucose:flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase, a homologue of the enzyme encoded by the maize Bronze-1 locus that may primarily serve to glucosylate anthocyanidins in vivo. J. Biol. Chem. 273 (1998) 9224–9233. [DOI] [PMID: 9535914]
3.  Nakajima, J., Tanaka, Y., Yamazaki, M. and Saito, K. Reaction mechanism from leucoanthocyanidin to anthocyanidin 3-glucoside, a key reaction for coloring in anthocyanin biosynthesis. J. Biol. Chem. 276 (2001) 25797–25803. [DOI] [PMID: 11316805]
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