The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: riboflavin reductase [NAD(P)H]
Reaction: reduced riboflavin + NAD(P)+ = riboflavin + NAD(P)H + H+
For diagram of riboflavin biosynthesis (late stages), click here
Other name(s): NAD(P)H-FMN reductase (ambiguous); NAD(P)H-dependent FMN reductase (ambiguous); NAD(P)H:FMN oxidoreductase (ambiguous); NAD(P)H:flavin oxidoreductase (ambiguous); NAD(P)H2 dehydrogenase (FMN) (ambiguous); NAD(P)H2:FMN oxidoreductase (ambiguous); riboflavin mononucleotide reductase (ambiguous); flavine mononucleotide reductase (ambiguous); riboflavin mononucleotide (reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate)) reductase; flavin mononucleotide reductase (ambiguous); riboflavine mononucleotide reductase (ambiguous); Fre
Systematic name: riboflavin:NAD(P)+ oxidoreductase
Comments: Catalyses the reduction of soluble flavins by reduced pyridine nucleotides. Highest activity with riboflavin. When NADH is used as acceptor, the enzyme can also utilize FMN and FAD as substrates, with lower activity than riboflavin. When NADPH is used as acceptor, the enzyme has a very low activity with FMN and no activity with FAD [1].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Fontecave, M., Eliasson, R. and Reichard, P. NAD(P)H:flavin oxidoreductase of Escherichia coli. A ferric iron reductase participating in the generation of the free radical of ribonucleotide reductase. J. Biol. Chem. 262 (1987) 12325–12331. [PMID: 3305505]
2.  Spyrou, G., Haggård-Ljungquist, E., Krook, M., Jörnvall, H., Nilsson, E. and Reichard, P. Characterization of the flavin reductase gene (fre) of Escherichia coli and construction of a plasmid for overproduction of the enzyme. J. Bacteriol. 173 (1991) 3673–3679. [DOI] [PMID: 2050627]
3.  Ingelman, M., Ramaswamy, S., Nivière, V., Fontecave, M. and Eklund, H. Crystal structure of NAD(P)H:flavin oxidoreductase from Escherichia coli. Biochemistry 38 (1999) 7040–7049. [DOI] [PMID: 10353815]
[EC created 2011]

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