The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: palmitoyl-[glycerolipid] 3-(E)-desaturase
Reaction: a 1-acyl-2-palmitoyl-[glycerolipid] + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + O2 + 2 H+ = a 1-acyl-2-[(3E)-hexadec-3-enoyl]-[glycerolipid] + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + 2 H2O
Other name(s): FAD4
Systematic name: 1-acyl-2-palmitoyl-[glycerolipid],ferredoxin:oxygen oxidoreductase (3,4-trans -dehydrogenating)
Comments: The enzyme introduces an unusual trans double bond at carbon 3 of a palmitoyl group attached to the sn-2 position of glycerolipids. The enzyme from the plant Arabidopsis thaliana is specific for palmitate in phosphatidylglycerol. The enzyme from tobacco can also accept oleate and α-linolenate if present at the sn-2 position of phosphatidylglycerol [1].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Fritz, M., Lokstein, H., Hackenberg, D., Welti, R., Roth, M., Zähringer, U., Fulda, M., Hellmeyer, W., Ott, C., Wolter, F.P. and Heinz, E. Channeling of eukaryotic diacylglycerol into the biosynthesis of plastidial phosphatidylglycerol. J. Biol. Chem. 282 (2007) 4613–4625. [DOI] [PMID: 17158889]
2.  Gao, J., Ajjawi, I., Manoli, A., Sawin, A., Xu, C., Froehlich, J.E., Last, R.L. and Benning, C. FATTY ACID DESATURASE4 of Arabidopsis encodes a protein distinct from characterized fatty acid desaturases. Plant J. 60 (2009) 832–839. [DOI] [PMID: 19682287]
[EC created 2015]

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