The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: kojibiose phosphorylase
Reaction: 2-α-D-glucosyl-D-glucose + phosphate = D-glucose + β-D-glucose 1-phosphate
Systematic name: 2-α-D-glucosyl-D-glucose:phosphate β-D-glucosyltransferase
Comments: The enzyme from Thermoanaerobacter brockii can act with α-1,2-oligoglucans, such as selaginose, as substrate, but more slowly. The enzyme is inactive when dissaccharides with linkages other than α-1,2 linkages, such as sophorose, trehalose, neotrehalose, nigerose, laminaribiose, maltose, cellobiose, isomaltose, gentiobiose, sucrose and lactose, are used as substrates.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 206566-36-1
1.  Chaen, H., Yamamoto, T., Nishimoto, T., Nakada, T., Fukuda, S., Sugimoto, T., Kurimoto, M. and Tsujisaka, Y. Purification and characterization of a novel phosphorylase, kojibiose phosphorylase, from Thermoanaerobium brockii. J. Appl. Glycosci. 46 (1999) 423–429.
2.  Chaen, H., Nishimoto, T., Nakada, T., Fukuda, S., Kurimoto, M. and Tsujisaka, Y. Enzymatic synthesis of kojioligosaccharides using kojibiose phosphorylase. J. Biosci. Bioeng. 92 (2001) 177–182. [DOI] [PMID: 16233080]
[EC created 2003]
Accepted name: 1,2-β-oligoglucan phosphorylase
Reaction: [(1→2)-β-D-glucosyl]n + phosphate = [(1→2)-β-D-glucosyl]n-1 + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate
Systematic name: 1,2-β-D-glucan:phosphate α-D-glucosyltransferase
Comments: The enzyme has been isolated from the bacterium Listeria innocua. It catalyses the reversible phosphorolysis of β-(1→2)-D-glucans. The minimum length of the substrate for the phosphorolytic reaction is 3 D-glucose units. In the synthetic reaction starting from sophorose and α-D-glucose 1-phosphate the average polymerisation degree is 39.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Nakajima, M., Toyoizumi, H., Abe, K., Nakai, H., Taguchi, H. and Kitaoka, M. 1,2-β-Oligoglucan phosphorylase from Listeria innocua. PLoS One 9:e92353 (2014). [DOI] [PMID: 24647662]
[EC created 2014]
Accepted name: exo β-1,2-glucooligosaccharide sophorohydrolase (non-reducing end)
Reaction: [(1→2)-β-D-glucosyl]n + H2O = sophorose + [(1→2)-β-D-glucosyl]n-2
Glossary: sophorose = β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-D-glucopyranose
Systematic name: exo (1→2)-β-D-glucooligosaccharide sophorohydrolase (non-reducing end)
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Parabacteroides distasonis, specifically hydrolyses (1→2)-β-D-glucooligosaccharides to sophorose. The best substrates are the tetra- and pentasaccharides. The enzyme is not able to cleave the trisaccharide, and activity with longer linear (1→2)-β-D-glucans is quite low. This enzyme acts in exo mode and is not able to hydrolyse cyclic (1→2)-β-D-glucans.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Shimizu, H., Nakajima, M., Miyanaga, A., Takahashi, Y., Tanaka, N., Kobayashi, K., Sugimoto, N., Nakai, H. and Taguchi, H. Characterization and structural analysis of a novel exo-type enzyme acting on β-1,2-glucooligosaccharides from Parabacteroides distasonis. Biochemistry 57 (2018) 3849–3860. [PMID: 29763309]
[EC created 2020]

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