The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.4.1.292     
Accepted name: GalNAc-α-(1→4)-GalNAc-α-(1→3)-diNAcBac-PP-undecaprenol α-1,4-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyltransferase
Reaction: 3 UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-galactosamine + GalNAc-α-(1→4)-GalNAc-α-(1→3)-diNAcBac-PP-tritrans,heptacis-undecaprenol = 3 UDP + [GalNAc-α-(1→4)]4-GalNAc-α-(1→3)-diNAcBac-PP-tritrans,heptacis-undecaprenol
For diagram of undecaprenyldiphosphoheptasaccharide biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: diNAcBac = N,N′-diacetyl-D-bacillosamine = 2,4-diacetamido-2,4,6-trideoxy-D-glucopyranose
Other name(s): PglH
Systematic name: UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-galactosamine:GalNAc-α-(1→4)-GalNAc-α-(1→3)-diNAcBac-PP-tritrans,heptacis-undecaprenol 4-α-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyltransferase
Comments: Isolated from Campylobacter jejuni. Part of a bacterial N-linked glycosylation pathway.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Glover, K.J., Weerapana, E. and Imperiali, B. In vitro assembly of the undecaprenylpyrophosphate-linked heptasaccharide for prokaryotic N-linked glycosylation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102 (2005) 14255–14259. [DOI] [PMID: 16186480]
2.  Troutman, J.M. and Imperiali, B. Campylobacter jejuni PglH is a single active site processive polymerase that utilizes product inhibition to limit sequential glycosyl transfer reactions. Biochemistry 48 (2009) 2807–2816. [DOI] [PMID: 19159314]
3.  Borud, B., Viburiene, R., Hartley, M.D., Paulsen, B.S., Egge-Jacobsen, W., Imperiali, B. and Koomey, M. Genetic and molecular analyses reveal an evolutionary trajectory for glycan synthesis in a bacterial protein glycosylation system. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108 (2011) 9643–9648. [DOI] [PMID: 21606362]
[EC 2.4.1.292 created 2012]
 
 
EC 2.4.1.293     
Accepted name: GalNAc5-diNAcBac-PP-undecaprenol β-1,3-glucosyltransferase
Reaction: UDP-α-D-glucose + [GalNAc-α-(1→4)]4-GalNAc-α-(1→3)-diNAcBac-diphospho-tritrans,heptacis-undecaprenol = UDP + [GalNAc-α-(1→4)]2-[Glc-β-(1→3)]-[GalNAc-α-(1→4)]2-GalNAc-α-(1→3)-diNAcBac-diphospho-tritrans,heptacis-undecaprenol
For diagram of undecaprenyldiphosphoheptasaccharide biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: diNAcBac = N,N′-diacetyl-D-bacillosamine = 2,4-diacetamido-2,4,6-trideoxy-D-glucopyranose
Other name(s): PglI
Systematic name: UDP-α-D-glucose:[GalNAc-α-(1→4)]4-GalNAc-α-(1→3)-diNAcBac-diphospho-tritrans,heptacis-undecaprenol 3-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Comments: Isolated from the bacterium Campylobacter jejuni. Part of a bacterial N-linked glycosylation pathway.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Glover, K.J., Weerapana, E. and Imperiali, B. In vitro assembly of the undecaprenylpyrophosphate-linked heptasaccharide for prokaryotic N-linked glycosylation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102 (2005) 14255–14259. [DOI] [PMID: 16186480]
2.  Kelly, J., Jarrell, H., Millar, L., Tessier, L., Fiori, L.M., Lau, P.C., Allan, B. and Szymanski, C.M. Biosynthesis of the N-linked glycan in Campylobacter jejuni and addition onto protein through block transfer. J. Bacteriol. 188 (2006) 2427–2434. [DOI] [PMID: 16547029]
[EC 2.4.1.293 created 2012]
 
 
EC 2.4.99.19     
Accepted name: undecaprenyl-diphosphooligosaccharide—protein glycotransferase
Reaction: tritrans,heptacis-undecaprenyl diphosphooligosaccharide + [protein]-L-asparagine = tritrans,heptacis-undecaprenyl diphosphate + a glycoprotein with the oligosaccharide chain attached by N-β-D-glycosyl linkage to protein L-asparagine
Other name(s): PglB
Systematic name: tritrans,heptacis-undecaprenyl-diphosphooligosaccharide:protein-L-asparagine N-β-D-oligosaccharidotransferase
Comments: A bacterial enzyme that has been isolated from Campylobacter jejuni [1] and Campylobacter lari [2]. It forms a glycoprotein by the transfer of a glucosyl-N-acetylgalactosaminyl-N,N′-diacetylbacillosamine (GalNAc2(Glc)GalNAc3diNAcBac) polysaccharide and related oligosaccharides to the side-chain of an L-asparagine residue in the sequence -Asp/Glu-Xaa-Asn-Xaa’-Ser/Thr- (Xaa and Xaa’ not Pro) in nascent polypeptide chains. Requires Mn2+ or Mg2+. Occurs on the external face of the plasma membrane. The polyprenol involved is normally tritrans,heptacis-undecaprenol but a decaprenol is used by some species.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Maita, N., Nyirenda, J., Igura, M., Kamishikiryo, J. and Kohda, D. Comparative structural biology of eubacterial and archaeal oligosaccharyltransferases. J. Biol. Chem. 285 (2010) 4941–4950. [DOI] [PMID: 20007322]
2.  Lizak, C., Gerber, S., Numao, S., Aebi, M. and Locher, K.P. X-ray structure of a bacterial oligosaccharyltransferase. Nature 474 (2011) 350–355. [DOI] [PMID: 21677752]
[EC 2.4.99.19 created 2012]
 
 


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