The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.1.1.102     
Accepted name: demethylmacrocin O-methyltransferase
Reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + demethylmacrocin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + macrocin
For diagram of tylosin biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): demethylmacrocin methyltransferase; DMOMT
Systematic name: S-adenosyl-L-methionine:demethylmacrocin 2′′′-O-methyltransferase
Comments: Requires Mg2+. The enzyme, isolated from the bacterium Streptomyces fradiae, is involved in the biosynthesis of the macrolide antibiotic tylosin. The 2-hydroxy group of a 6-deoxy-D-allose moiety in demethylmacrocin acts as the methyl acceptor. Also acts on demethyllactenocin, giving lactenocin. Not identical with EC 2.1.1.101 macrocin O-methyltransferase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 120313-64-6
References:
1.  Kreuzman, A.J., Turner, J.R. and Yeh, W.-K. Two distinctive O-methyltransferases catalyzing penultimate and terminal reactions of macrolide antibiotic (tylosin) biosynthesis. Substrate specificity, enzyme inhibition, and kinetic mechanism. J. Biol. Chem. 263 (1988) 15626–15633. [PMID: 3170602]
[EC 2.1.1.102 created 1992]
 
 
EC 2.4.1.317     
Accepted name: O-mycaminosyltylonolide 6-deoxyallosyltransferase
Reaction: 5-O-β-D-mycaminosyltylonolide + dTDP-6-deoxy-α-D-allose = dTDP + demethyllactenocin
For diagram of tylosin biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: mycaminose = 3,6-dideoxy-3-dimethylamino-glucopyranose
tylonolide = 2-[(4R,5S,6S,7R,9R,11E,13E,15R,16R)-16-ethyl-4,6-dihydroxy-15-(hydroxymethyl)-5,9,13-trimethyl-2,10-dioxooxacyclohexadeca-11,13-dien-7-yl]acetaldehyde
demethyllactenocin = [(2R,3R,4E,6E,9R,11R,12S,13S,14R)-12-{[3,6-dideoxy-3-(dimethylamino)-D-glucopyranosyl]oxy}-2-ethyl-14-hydroxy-5,9,13-trimethyl-8,16-dioxo-11-(2-oxoethyl)oxacyclohexadeca-4,6-dien-3-yl]methyl 6-deoxy-β-D-allopyranoside
Other name(s): tylN (gene name)
Systematic name: dTDP-6-deoxy-α-D-allose:5-O-β-D-mycaminosyltylonolide 23-O-6-deoxy-α-D-allosyltransferase
Comments: The enzyme participates in the biosynthetic pathway of the macrolide antibiotic tylosin, which is produced by several species of Streptomyces bacteria.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Wilson, V.T. and Cundliffe, E. Characterization and targeted disruption of a glycosyltransferase gene in the tylosin producer, Streptomyces fradiae. Gene 214 (1998) 95–100. [DOI] [PMID: 9651492]
[EC 2.4.1.317 created 2014]
 
 
EC 2.4.1.318     
Accepted name: demethyllactenocin mycarosyltransferase
Reaction: dTDP-β-L-mycarose + demethyllactenocin = dTDP + demethylmacrocin
For diagram of tylosin biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: dTDP-β-L-mycarose = dTDP-2,6-dideoxy-3-C-methyl-β-L-ribo-hexose
demethyllactenocin = [(2R,3R,4E,6E,9R,11R,12S,13S,14R)-12-{[3,6-dideoxy-3-(dimethylamino)-D-glucopyranosyl]oxy}-2-ethyl-14-hydroxy-5,9,13-trimethyl-8,16-dioxo-11-(2-oxoethyl)oxacyclohexadeca-4,6-dien-3-yl]methyl 6-deoxy-D-allopyranoside
Other name(s): tylCV (gene name); tylC5 (gene name)
Systematic name: dTDP-β-L-mycarose:demethyllactenocin 4′-O-α-L-mycarosyltransferase
Comments: The enzyme participates in the biosynthetic pathway of the macrolide antibiotic tylosin, which is produced by several species of Streptomyces bacteria.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Bate, N., Butler, A.R., Smith, I.P. and Cundliffe, E. The mycarose-biosynthetic genes of Streptomyces fradiae, producer of tylosin. Microbiology 146 (2000) 139–146. [DOI] [PMID: 10658660]
[EC 2.4.1.318 created 2014]
 
 


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