The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.14.13.182     
Accepted name: 2-heptyl-3-hydroxy-4(1H)-quinolone synthase
Reaction: 2-heptyl-4(1H)-quinolone + NADH + H+ + O2 = 2-heptyl-3-hydroxy-4(1H)-quinolone + NAD+ + H2O
Glossary: 2-heptyl-4(1H)-quinolone = 2-heptyl-4-hydroxyquinoline
2-heptyl-3-hydroxy-4(1H)-quinolone = 2-heptyl-3,4-dihydroxyquinoline
Other name(s): PqsH; 2-heptyl-3,4-dihydroxyquinoline synthase
Systematic name: 2-heptyl-4(1H)-quinolone,NADH:oxygen oxidoreductase (3-hydroxylating)
Comments: The enzyme from the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa catalyses the terminal step in biosynthesis of the signal molecule 2-heptyl-3,4-dihydroxyquinoline that plays a role in regulation of virulence genes.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Schertzer, J.W., Brown, S.A. and Whiteley, M. Oxygen levels rapidly modulate Pseudomonas aeruginosa social behaviours via substrate limitation of PqsH. Mol. Microbiol. 77 (2010) 1527–1538. [DOI] [PMID: 20662781]
[EC 1.14.13.182 created 2013]
 
 
EC 2.3.1.230     
Accepted name: 2-heptyl-4(1H)-quinolone synthase
Reaction: octanoyl-CoA + (2-aminobenzoyl)acetate = 2-heptyl-4-quinolone + CoA + CO2 + H2O (overall reaction)
(1a) octanoyl-CoA + L-cysteinyl-[PqsC protein] = S-octanoyl-L-cysteinyl-[PqsC protein] + CoA
(1b) S-octanoyl-L-cysteinyl-[PqsC protein] + (2-aminobenzoyl)acetate = 1-(2-aminophenyl)decane-1,3-dione + CO2 + L-cysteinyl-[PqsC protein]
(1c) 1-(2-aminophenyl)decane-1,3-dione = 2-heptyl-4-quinolone + H2O
Glossary: 2-heptyl-4-quinolone = 2-heptylquinolin-4(1H)-one
Other name(s): pqsBC (gene names); malonyl-CoA:anthraniloyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase (decarboxylating)
Systematic name: octanoyl-CoA:(2-aminobenzoyl)acetate octanoyltransferase
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa, is a heterodimeric complex. The PqsC subunit acquires an octanoyl group from octanoyl-CoA and attaches it to an internal cysteine residue. Together with the PqsB subunit, the proteins catalyse the coupling of the octanoyl group with (2-aminobenzoyl)acetate, leading to decarboxylation and dehydration events that result in closure of the quinoline ring.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Dulcey, C.E., Dekimpe, V., Fauvelle, D.A., Milot, S., Groleau, M.C., Doucet, N., Rahme, L.G., Lepine, F. and Deziel, E. The end of an old hypothesis: the pseudomonas signaling molecules 4-hydroxy-2-alkylquinolines derive from fatty acids, not 3-ketofatty acids. Chem. Biol. 20 (2013) 1481–1491. [DOI] [PMID: 24239007]
2.  Drees, S.L., Li, C., Prasetya, F., Saleem, M., Dreveny, I., Williams, P., Hennecke, U., Emsley, J. and Fetzner, S. PqsBC, a condensing enzyme in the biosynthesis of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa quinolone signal: crystal structure, inhibition, and reaction mechanism. J. Biol. Chem. 291 (2016) 6610–6624. [DOI] [PMID: 26811339]
[EC 2.3.1.230 created 2013, modified 2017]
 
 
EC 3.1.2.32     
Accepted name: 2-aminobenzoylacetyl-CoA thioesterase
Reaction: (2-aminobenzoyl)acetyl-CoA + H2O = (2-aminobenzoyl)acetate + CoA
Other name(s): pqsE (gene name)
Systematic name: (2-aminobenzoyl)acetyl-CoA hydrolase
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa, participates in the production of the signal molecule 2-heptyl-4(1H)-quinolone (HHQ).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Yu, S., Jensen, V., Seeliger, J., Feldmann, I., Weber, S., Schleicher, E., Haussler, S. and Blankenfeldt, W. Structure elucidation and preliminary assessment of hydrolase activity of PqsE, the Pseudomonas quinolone signal (PQS) response protein. Biochemistry 48 (2009) 10298–10307. [DOI] [PMID: 19788310]
2.  Drees, S.L. and Fetzner, S. PqsE of Pseudomonas aeruginosa acts as pathway-specific thioesterase in the biosynthesis of alkylquinolone signaling molecules. Chem. Biol. 22 (2015) 611–618. [DOI] [PMID: 25960261]
[EC 3.1.2.32 created 2016]
 
 


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