Transferred entry: 2-hydroxyisoflavanone synthase. Now EC, 2-hydroxyisoflavanone synthase
[EC created 2011, modified 2013, deleted 2018]
Accepted name: 2-hydroxyisoflavanone synthase
Reaction: (1) liquiritigenin + O2 + [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] = 2,4′,7-trihydroxyisoflavanone + H2O + [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase]
(2) (2S)-naringenin + O2 + [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] = 2,4′,5,7-tetrahydroxyisoflavanone + H2O + [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase]
Glossary: liquiritigenin = 4′,7-dihydroxyflavanone
(2S)-naringenin = 4′,5,7-dihydroxyflavanone
2,4′,5,7-tetrahydroxyisoflavanone = 2-hydroxy-2,3-dihydrogenistein
Other name(s): CYP93C; IFS; isoflavonoid synthase
Systematic name: liquiritigenin, [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase]:oxygen oxidoreductase (hydroxylating, aryl migration)
Comments: A cytochrome P-450 (heme thiolate) protein found in plants. The reaction involves the migration of the 2-phenyl group of the flavanone to the 3-position of the isoflavanone. The 2-hydroxyl group is derived from the oxygen molecule. EC, 2-hydroxyisoflavanone dehydratase, acts on the products with loss of water and formation of genistein and daidzein, respectively.
1.  Kochs, G. and Grisebach, H. Enzymic synthesis of isoflavones. Eur. J. Biochem. 155 (1986) 311–318. [PMID: 3956488]
2.  Hashim, M.F., Hakamatsuka, T., Ebizuka, Y. and Sankawa, U. Reaction mechanism of oxidative rearrangement of flavanone in isoflavone biosynthesis. FEBS Lett. 271 (1990) 219–222. [PMID: 2226805]
3.  Steele, C. L., Gijzen, M., Qutob, D. and Dixon, R.A. Molecular characterization of the enzyme catalyzing the aryl migration reaction of isoflavonoid biosynthesis in soybean. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 367 (1999) 146–150. [PMID: 10375412]
4.  Sawada, Y., Kinoshita, K., Akashi, T., Aoki, T. and Ayabe, S. Key amino acid residues required for aryl migration catalysed by the cytochrome P450 2-hydroxyisoflavanone synthase. Plant J. 31 (2002) 555–564. [PMID: 12207646]
5.  Sawada, Y. and Ayabe, S. Multiple mutagenesis of P450 isoflavonoid synthase reveals a key active-site residue. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 330 (2005) 907–913. [PMID: 15809082]
[EC created 2011 as EC, modified 2013, transferred 2018 to EC]
Accepted name: 2-hydroxyisoflavanone dehydratase
Reaction: (1) 2,4′,7-trihydroxyisoflavanone = daidzein + H2O
(2) 2,4′,5,7-tetrahydroxyisoflavanone = genistein + H2O
Glossary: daidzein = 4′,7-dihydroxyisoflavone
genistein = 4′,5,7-dihydroxyisoflavone
Other name(s): 2,7,4′-trihydroxyisoflavanone hydro-lyase; 2,7,4′-trihydroxyisoflavanone hydro-lyase (daidzein-forming)
Systematic name: 2,4′,7-trihydroxyisoflavanone hydro-lyase (daidzein-forming)
Comments: Catalyses the final step in the formation of the isoflavonoid skeleton. The reaction also occurs spontaneously.
1.  Hakamatsuka, T., Mori, K., Ishida, S., Ebizuka, Y and Sankawa, U. Purification of 2-hydroxyisoflavanone dehydratase from the cell cultures of Pueraria lobata. Phytochemistry 49 (1998) 497–505.
[EC created 2004, modified 2013]