Accepted name: acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] 6-desaturase
Reaction: palmitoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + O2 + 2 H+ = (6Z)-hexadec-6-enoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + 2 H2O
Glossary: (6Z)-hexadec-6-enoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] = Δ6-hexadecenoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] = sapienoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein]
an [acyl-carrier protein] = ACP = [acp]
Other name(s): DELTA6 palmitoyl-ACP desaturase; DELTA6 16:0-ACP desaturase
Systematic name: palmitoyl-[acyl-carrier protein],reduced ferredoxin:oxygen oxidoreductase (6,7 cis-dehydrogenating)
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the endosperm of the plant Thunbergia alata (black-eyed Susan vine), introduces a cis double bond at carbon 6 of several saturated acyl-[acp]s. It is most active with palmitoyl-[acp] (16:0), but can also act on myristoyl-[acp] (14:0) and stearoyl-[acp] (18:0). The position of the double bond is determined by its distance from the carboxyl end of the fatty acid.
1.  Cahoon, E.B., Cranmer, A.M., Shanklin, J. and Ohlrogge, J.B. Δ6 Hexadecenoic acid is synthesized by the activity of a soluble Δ6 palmitoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase in Thunbergia alata endosperm. J. Biol. Chem. 269 (1994) 27519–27526. [PMID: 7961667]
2.  Cahoon, E.B., Lindqvist, Y., Schneider, G. and Shanklin, J. Redesign of soluble fatty acid desaturases from plants for altered substrate specificity and double bond position. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94 (1997) 4872–4877. [PMID: 9144157]
[EC created 2015]