The Enzyme Database

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EC 4.2.3.77     
Accepted name: (+)-germacrene D synthase
Reaction: (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate = (+)-germacrene D + diphosphate
For diagram of germacrene sesquiterpenoid biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: (+)-germacrene D = (1E,6E,8R)-1-methyl-5-methylidene-8-(propan-2-yl)cyclodeca-1,6-diene
Systematic name: (2E,6E)-farnesyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase [(+)-germacrene-D-forming]
Comments: Requires Mg2+, Mn2+, Ni2+ or Co2+. The formation of (+)-germacrene D involves a 1,2-hydride shift whereas for (-)-germacrene D there is a 1,3-hydride shift (see EC 4.2.3.75).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Picaud, S., Olsson, M.E., Brodelius, M. and Brodelius, P.E. Cloning, expression, purification and characterization of recombinant (+)-germacrene D synthase from Zingiber officinale. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 452 (2006) 17–28. [DOI] [PMID: 16839518]
[EC 4.2.3.77 created 2011]
 
 
EC 4.2.3.143     
Accepted name: kunzeaol synthase
Reaction: (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate + H2O = kunzeaol + diphosphate
For diagram of germacrene sesquiterpenoid biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: kunzeaol = 6β-hydroxygermacra-1(10),4-diene = (1R,2E,6E,10R)-3,7-dimethyl-10-isopropylcyclodeca-2,6-dienol
Other name(s): TgTPS2 (gene name)
Systematic name: (2E,6E)-farnesyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase (kunzeaol-forming)
Comments: Isolated from the root of the plant Thapsia garganica. The enzyme also produces germacrene D, bicyclogermacrene and traces of other sesquiterpenoids. See EC 4.2.3.77, (+)-germacrene D synthase and EC 4.2.3.100, bicyclogermacrene synthase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Pickel, B., Drew, D.P., Manczak, T., Weitzel, C., Simonsen, H.T. and Ro, D.K. Identification and characterization of a kunzeaol synthase from Thapsia garganica: implications for the biosynthesis of the pharmaceutical thapsigargin. Biochem. J. 448 (2012) 261–271. [DOI] [PMID: 22938155]
[EC 4.2.3.143 created 2013]
 
 


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