EC 7.2.4.2     
Accepted name: oxaloacetate decarboxylase (Na+ extruding)
Reaction: oxaloacetate + 2 Na+[side 1] = pyruvate + CO2 + 2 Na+[side 2]
Other name(s): oxaloacetate β-decarboxylase (ambiguous); oxalacetic acid decarboxylase (ambiguous); oxalate β-decarboxylase (ambiguous); oxaloacetate carboxy-lyase (ambiguous)
Systematic name: oxaloacetate carboxy-lyase (pyruvate-forming; Na+-extruding)
Comments: The enzyme from the bacterium Klebsiella aerogenes is a biotinyl protein and also decarboxylates glutaconyl-CoA and methylmalonyl-CoA. The process is accompanied by the extrusion of two sodium ions from cells. Some animal enzymes require Mn2+. Differs from EC 4.1.1.112 (oxaloacetate decarboxylase) for which there is no evidence for involvement in Na+ transport.
References:
1.  Dimroth, P. Characterization of a membrane-bound biotin-containing enzyme: oxaloacetate decarboxylase from Klebsiella aerogenes. Eur. J. Biochem. 115 (1981) 353–358. [PMID: 7016536]
2.  Dimroth, P. The role of biotin and sodium in the decarboxylation of oxaloacetate by the membrane-bound oxaloacetate decarboxylase from Klebsiella aerogenes. Eur. J. Biochem. 121 (1982) 435–441. [PMID: 7037395]
[EC 7.2.4.2 created 1961 as EC 4.1.1.3, modified 1986, modified 2000, transferred 2018 to EC 7.2.4.2]
 
 


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