Accepted name: aklanonic acid methyl ester cyclase
Reaction: aklaviketone = methyl aklanonate
Glossary: aklaviketone = methyl (1R,2R)-2-ethyl-2,5,7-trihydroxy-4,6,11-trioxo-1,2,3,4,6,11-hexahydrotetracene-1-carboxylate
methyl aklanonate = methyl [4,5-dihydroxy-9,10-dioxo-3-(3-oxopentanoyl)-9,10-dihydroanthracen-2-yl]acetate
Other name(s): dauD (gene name); aknH (gene name); dnrD (gene name); methyl aklanonate cyclase; methyl aklanonate-aklaviketone isomerase (cyclizing); aklaviketone lyase (decyclizing)
Systematic name: aklaviketone lyase (ring-opening)
Comments: The enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of aklaviketone, an intermediate in the biosynthetic pathways leading to formation of several anthracycline antibiotics, including aclacinomycin, daunorubicin and doxorubicin.
1.  Dickens, M.L., Ye, J. and Strohl, W.R. Analysis of clustered genes encoding both early and late steps in daunomycin biosynthesis by Streptomyces sp. strain C5. J. Bacteriol. 177 (1995) 536–543. [PMID: 7836284]
2.  Kendrew, S.G., Katayama, K., Deutsch, E., Madduri, K. and Hutchinson, C.R. DnrD cyclase involved in the biosynthesis of doxorubicin: purification and characterization of the recombinant enzyme. Biochemistry 38 (1999) 4794–4799. [PMID: 10200167]
3.  Kallio, P., Sultana, A., Niemi, J., Mantsala, P. and Schneider, G. Crystal structure of the polyketide cyclase AknH with bound substrate and product analogue: implications for catalytic mechanism and product stereoselectivity. J. Mol. Biol. 357 (2006) 210–220. [PMID: 16414075]
[EC created 2013, modified 2014]

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