The Enzyme Database

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EC 4.4.1.38     
Accepted name: isethionate sulfite-lyase
Reaction: isethionate = acetaldehyde + sulfite
Glossary: isethionate = 2-hydroxyethanesulfonate
Other name(s): islA (gene name)
Systematic name: isethionate sulfite-lyase
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the human gut bacterium Bilophila wadsworthia, participates in a taurine degradation pathway that leads to sulfide production. The active form of the enzyme contains a glycyl radical that is generated by a dedicated activating enzyme via chemistry involving S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) and a [4Fe-4S] cluster.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Peck, S.C., Denger, K., Burrichter, A., Irwin, S.M., Balskus, E.P. and Schleheck, D. A glycyl radical enzyme enables hydrogen sulfide production by the human intestinal bacterium Bilophila wadsworthia. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 116 (2019) 3171–3176. [DOI] [PMID: 30718429]
2.  Xing, M., Wei, Y., Zhou, Y., Zhang, J., Lin, L., Hu, Y., Hua, G.,, N. Nanjaraj Urs, A., Liu, D., Wang, F., Guo, C., Tong, Y., Li, M., Liu, Y., Ang, E.L., Zhao, H., Yuchi, Z. and Zhang, Y. Radical-mediated C-S bond cleavage in C2 sulfonate degradation by anaerobic bacteria. Nat. Commun. 10:1609 (2019). [DOI] [PMID: 30962433]
[EC 4.4.1.38 created 2021]
 
 


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