The Enzyme Database

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EC 4.3.2.11     
Accepted name: (3R)-3-[(carboxylmethyl)amino]fatty acid synthase
Reaction: (3R)-3-[(carboxylmethyl)amino]fatty acid + an [acyl-carrier protein] = a (2E)-unsaturated fatty acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + glycine + H2O
Other name(s): scoD (gene name); mmaD (gene name)
Systematic name: (3R)-3-[(carboxylmethyl)amino]fatty acid glycine-lyase ((2E)-unsaturated fatty acyl-[acyl-carrier protein]-forming)
Comments: The enzyme, found in some actinobacterial species, participates in the biosynthesis of isonitrile-containing lipopeptides. It catalyses the formation of (3R)-3-[(carboxylmethyl)amino]fatty acid by the addition of glycine and the release of the product from the acyl-carrier protein.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Harris, N.C., Sato, M., Herman, N.A., Twigg, F., Cai, W., Liu, J., Zhu, X., Downey, J., Khalaf, R., Martin, J., Koshino, H. and Zhang, W. Biosynthesis of isonitrile lipopeptides by conserved nonribosomal peptide synthetase gene clusters in Actinobacteria. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 114 (2017) 7025–7030. [DOI] [PMID: 28634299]
2.  Harris, N.C., Born, D.A., Cai, W., Huang, Y., Martin, J., Khalaf, R., Drennan, C.L. and Zhang, W. Isonitrile formation by a non-heme iron(II)-dependent oxidase/decarboxylase. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 57 (2018) 9707–9710. [DOI] [PMID: 29906336]
[EC 4.3.2.11 created 2022]
 
 


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