Accepted name: cembrene A synthase
Reaction: geranylgeranyl diphosphate = (R)-cembrene A + diphosphate
Glossary: cembrene A = (1E,5E,9E,12R)-1,5,9-trimethyl-12-(propan-2-en-2-yl)cyclotetradeca-1,5,9-triene
Other name(s): DtcycB (gene name)
Systematic name: geranylgeranyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase [(R)-cembrene-A-forming]
Comments: Requires Mg2+. Isolated from the bacterium Streptomyces sp. SANK 60404. This trifunctional enzyme, which contains a [4Fe-4S] cluster, also produces (R)-nephthenol and (1S,4E,8E,12E)-2,2,5,9,13-pentamethylcyclopentadeca-4,8,12-trien-1-ol. See EC, nephthenol synthase and EC, pentamethylcyclopentadecatrienol synthase.
1.  Meguro, A., Tomita, T., Nishiyama, M. and Kuzuyama, T. Identification and characterization of bacterial diterpene cyclases that synthesize the cembrane skeleton. ChemBioChem 14 (2013) 316–321. [PMID: 23386483]
[EC created 2014]