Accepted name: myrcene synthase
Reaction: geranyl diphosphate = myrcene + diphosphate
Glossary: myrcene = 7-methyl-3-methyleneocta-1,6-diene and is a monoterpenoid
Systematic name: geranyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase (myrcene-forming)
Comments: A recombinant enzyme (also known as a monoterpene synthase or cyclase) from the grand fir (Abies grandis) requires Mn2+ and K+ for activity. Mg2+ is essentially ineffective as the divalent metal ion cofactor.
1.  Bohlmann, J., Steele, C.L. and Croteau, R. Monoterpene synthases from grand fir (Abies grandis). cDNA isolation, characterization, and functional expression of myrcene synthase, (-)-(4S)-limonene synthase, and (-)-(1S,5S)-pinene synthase. J. Biol. Chem. 272 (1997) 21784–21792. [PMID: 9268308]
[EC created 2000 as EC, transferred 2000 to EC]