The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: siroheme decarboxylase
Reaction: siroheme = 12,18-didecarboxysiroheme + 2 CO2
For diagram of siroheme decarboxylase, click here
Other name(s): sirohaem decarboxylase; nirDLHG (gene name); ahbAB (gene name)
Systematic name: siroheme carboxy-lyase
Comments: The enzyme from archaea is involved in an alternative heme biosynthesis pathway. The enzyme from denitrifying bacteria is involved in the heme d1 biosynthesis pathway.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Bali, S., Lawrence, A.D., Lobo, S.A., Saraiva, L.M., Golding, B.T., Palmer, D.J., Howard, M.J., Ferguson, S.J. and Warren, M.J. Molecular hijacking of siroheme for the synthesis of heme and d1 heme. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108 (2011) 18260–18265. [DOI] [PMID: 21969545]
2.  Kuhner, M., Haufschildt, K., Neumann, A., Storbeck, S., Streif, J. and Layer, G. The alternative route to heme in the methanogenic archaeon Methanosarcina barkeri. Archaea 2014:327637 (2014). [DOI] [PMID: 24669201]
3.  Palmer, D.J., Schroeder, S., Lawrence, A.D., Deery, E., Lobo, S.A., Saraiva, L.M., McLean, K.J., Munro, A.W., Ferguson, S.J., Pickersgill, R.W., Brown, D.G. and Warren, M.J. The structure, function and properties of sirohaem decarboxylase--an enzyme with structural homology to a transcription factor family that is part of the alternative haem biosynthesis pathway. Mol. Microbiol. 93 (2014) 247–261. [DOI] [PMID: 24865947]
4.  Haufschildt, K., Schmelz, S., Kriegler, T.M., Neumann, A., Streif, J., Arai, H., Heinz, D.W. and Layer, G. The crystal structure of siroheme decarboxylase in complex with iron-uroporphyrin III reveals two essential histidine residues. J. Mol. Biol. 426 (2014) 3272–3286. [DOI] [PMID: 25083922]
[EC created 2018]

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