The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: 4-hydroxyphenylacetaldehyde synthase
Reaction: L-tyrosine + O2 + H2O = (4-hydroxyphenyl)acetaldehyde + CO2 + NH3 + H2O2
For diagram of phenylacetaldehyde, 4-hydroxyphenylacetaldehyde and 3,4-dihydroxyacetaldehyde biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): TYRDC-2 (gene name)
Systematic name: L-tyrosine carboxy-lyase (oxidative-deaminating)
Comments: A pyridoxal 5′-phosphate protein. The enzyme, isolated from the the plant Petroselinum crispum (parsley), catalyses the production of 4-hydroxyphenylacetaldehyde directly from L-tyrosine. Tyramine is not formed as an intermediate. The enzyme has a low activity with L-dopa (cf. EC, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetaldehyde synthase).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Torrens-Spence, M.P., Gillaspy, G., Zhao, B., Harich, K., White, R.H. and Li, J. Biochemical evaluation of a parsley tyrosine decarboxylase results in a novel 4-hydroxyphenylacetaldehyde synthase enzyme. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 418 (2012) 211–216. [DOI] [PMID: 22266321]
2.  Torrens-Spence, M.P., Liu, P., Ding, H., Harich, K., Gillaspy, G. and Li, J. Biochemical evaluation of the decarboxylation and decarboxylation-deamination activities of plant aromatic amino acid decarboxylases. J. Biol. Chem. 288 (2013) 2376–2387. [DOI] [PMID: 23204519]
[EC created 2017]

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