Accepted name: anthrax lethal factor endopeptidase
Reaction: Preferred amino acids around the cleavage site can be denoted BBBBxHx┼H, in which B denotes Arg or Lys, H denotes a hydrophobic amino acid, and x is any amino acid. The only known protein substrates are mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinases
Other name(s): lethal toxin
Comments: From the bacterium Bacilus anthracis that causes anthrax. One of three proteins that are collectively termed anthrax toxin. Cleaves several MAP kinase kinases near their N-termini, preventing them from phosphorylating the downstream mitogen-activated protein kinases. In peptidase family M34.
1.  Pannifer, A.D., Wong, T.Y., Schwarzenbacher, R., Renatus, M., Petosa, C., Bienkowska, J., Lacy, D.B., Collier, R.J., Park, S., Leppla, S.H., Hanna, P. and Liddington, R.C. Crystal structure of the anthrax lethal factor. Nature 414 (2001) 229–233. [PMID: 11700563]
[EC created 2003]

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