The Enzyme Database

Your query returned 1 entry.    printer_iconPrintable version

Accepted name: lipid-phosphate phosphatase
Reaction: (9S,10S)-10-hydroxy-9-(phosphooxy)octadecanoate + H2O = (9S,10S)-9,10-dihydroxyoctadecanoate + phosphate
Other name(s): hydroxy fatty acid phosphatase; dihydroxy fatty acid phosphatase; hydroxy lipid phosphatase; sEH (ambiguous); soluble epoxide hydrolase (ambiguous); (9S,10S)-10-hydroxy-9-(phosphonooxy)octadecanoate phosphohydrolase
Systematic name: (9S,10S)-10-hydroxy-9-(phosphooxy)octadecanoate phosphohydrolase
Comments: Requires Mg2+ for maximal activity. The enzyme from mammals is a bifunctional enzyme: the N-terminal domain exhibits lipid-phosphate-phosphatase activity and the C-terminal domain has the activity of EC, soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) [1]. The best substrates for this enzyme are 10-hydroxy-9-(phosphooxy)octadecanoates, with the threo- form being a better substrate than the erythro- form [1]. The phosphatase activity is not found in plant sEH or in EC, microsomal epoxide hydrolase, from mammals [1].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, Gene, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Newman, J.W., Morisseau, C., Harris, T.R. and Hammock, B.D. The soluble epoxide hydrolase encoded by EPXH2 is a bifunctional enzyme with novel lipid phosphate phosphatase activity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100 (2003) 1558–1563. [DOI] [PMID: 12574510]
2.  Cronin, A., Mowbray, S., Dürk, H., Homburg, S., Fleming, I., Fisslthaler, B., Oesch, F. and Arand, M. The N-terminal domain of mammalian soluble epoxide hydrolase is a phosphatase. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100 (2003) 1552–1557. [DOI] [PMID: 12574508]
3.  Morisseau, C. and Hammock, B.D. Epoxide hydrolases: mechanisms, inhibitor designs, and biological roles. Annu. Rev. Pharmacol. Toxicol. 45 (2005) 311–333. [DOI] [PMID: 15822179]
4.  Tran, K.L., Aronov, P.A., Tanaka, H., Newman, J.W., Hammock, B.D. and Morisseau, C. Lipid sulfates and sulfonates are allosteric competitive inhibitors of the N-terminal phosphatase activity of the mammalian soluble epoxide hydrolase. Biochemistry 44 (2005) 12179–12187. [DOI] [PMID: 16142916]
5.  Newman, J.W., Morisseau, C. and Hammock, B.D. Epoxide hydrolases: their roles and interactions with lipid metabolism. Prog. Lipid Res. 44 (2005) 1–51. [DOI] [PMID: 15748653]
6.  Srivastava, P.K., Sharma, V.K., Kalonia, D.S. and Grant, D.F. Polymorphisms in human soluble epoxide hydrolase: effects on enzyme activity, enzyme stability, and quaternary structure. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 427 (2004) 164–169. [DOI] [PMID: 15196990]
7.  Gomez, G.A., Morisseau, C., Hammock, B.D. and Christianson, D.W. Structure of human epoxide hydrolase reveals mechanistic inferences on bifunctional catalysis in epoxide and phosphate ester hydrolysis. Biochemistry 43 (2004) 4716–4723. [DOI] [PMID: 15096040]
[EC created 2006]

Data © 2001–2024 IUBMB
Web site © 2005–2024 Andrew McDonald