The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: L-cysteine S-thiosulfotransferase
Reaction: (1) [SoxY protein]-L-cysteine + thiosulfate + 2 ferricytochrome c = [SoxY protein]-S-sulfosulfanyl-L-cysteine + 2 ferrocytochrome c + 2 H+
(2) [SoxY protein]-S-sulfanyl-L-cysteine + thiosulfate + 2 ferricytochrome c = [SoxY protein]-S-(2-sulfodisulfanyl)-L-cysteine + 2 ferrocytochrome c + 2 H+
Other name(s): SoxXA; thiosulfate:[SoxY protein]-L-cysteine thiosulfotransferase
Systematic name: thiosulfate:[SoxY protein]-L-cysteine thiosulfonotransferase
Comments: The enzyme is part of the Sox enzyme system, which participates in a bacterial thiosulfate oxidation pathway that produces sulfate. It catalyses two reactions in the pathway - early in the pathway it attaches a thiosulfate molecule to the sulfur atom of an L-cysteine of a SoxY protein; later it transfers a second thiosulfate molecule to a sulfane group that is already attached to the same cysteine residue.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Friedrich, C.G., Quentmeier, A., Bardischewsky, F., Rother, D., Kraft, R., Kostka, S. and Prinz, H. Novel genes coding for lithotrophic sulfur oxidation of Paracoccus pantotrophus GB17. J. Bacteriol. 182 (2000) 4677–4687. [PMID: 10940005]
2.  Cheesman, M.R., Little, P.J. and Berks, B.C. Novel heme ligation in a c-type cytochrome involved in thiosulfate oxidation: EPR and MCD of SoxAX from Rhodovulum sulfidophilum. Biochemistry 40 (2001) 10562–10569. [PMID: 11523998]
3.  Rother, D. and Friedrich, C.G. The cytochrome complex SoxXA of Paracoccus pantotrophus is produced in Escherichia coli and functional in the reconstituted sulfur-oxidizing enzyme system. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1598 (2002) 65–73. [PMID: 12147345]
4.  Bamford, V.A., Bruno, S., Rasmussen, T., Appia-Ayme, C., Cheesman, M.R., Berks, B.C. and Hemmings, A.M. Structural basis for the oxidation of thiosulfate by a sulfur cycle enzyme. EMBO J. 21 (2002) 5599–5610. [PMID: 12411478]
5.  Dambe, T., Quentmeier, A., Rother, D., Friedrich, C. and Scheidig, A.J. Structure of the cytochrome complex SoxXA of Paracoccus pantotrophus, a heme enzyme initiating chemotrophic sulfur oxidation. J. Struct. Biol. 152 (2005) 229–234. [PMID: 16297640]
6.  Hensen, D., Sperling, D., Truper, H.G., Brune, D.C. and Dahl, C. Thiosulphate oxidation in the phototrophic sulphur bacterium Allochromatium vinosum. Mol. Microbiol. 62 (2006) 794–810. [PMID: 16995898]
7.  Grabarczyk, D.B. and Berks, B.C. Intermediates in the Sox sulfur oxidation pathway are bound to a sulfane conjugate of the carrier protein SoxYZ. PLoS One 12:e0173395 (2017). [DOI] [PMID: 28257465]
[EC created 2018]

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