Accepted name: arsenate-mycothiol transferase
Reaction: arsenate + mycothiol = arseno-mycothiol + H2O
Glossary: mycothiol = 1-O-[2-(N2-acetyl-L-cysteinamido)-2-deoxy--D-glucopyranosyl]-1D-myo-inositol
Other name(s): ArsC1; ArsC2; mycothiol:arsenate transferase
Systematic name: mycothiol:arsenate S-arsenotransferase
Comments: Reduction of arsenate is part of a defence mechanism of the cell against toxic arsenate. The product arseno-mycothiol is reduced by EC (mycoredoxin) to arsenite and mycothiol-mycoredoxin disulfide. Finally, a second mycothiol recycles mycoredoxin and forms mycothione.
1.  Ordonez, E., Van Belle, K., Roos, G., De Galan, S., Letek, M., Gil, J.A., Wyns, L., Mateos, L.M. and Messens, J. Arsenate reductase, mycothiol, and mycoredoxin concert thiol/disulfide exchange. J. Biol. Chem. 284 (2009) 15107–15116. [PMID: 19286650]
[EC created 2010]

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