The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: CDP-diacylglycerol—glycerol-3-phosphate 1-phosphatidyltransferase
Reaction: CDP-diacylglycerol + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate = CMP + 1-(3-sn-phosphatidyl)-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate
Other name(s): glycerophosphate phosphatidyltransferase; 3-phosphatidyl-1′-glycerol-3′-phosphate synthase; CDPdiacylglycerol:glycerol-3-phosphate phosphatidyltransferase; cytidine 5′-diphospho-1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol (CDP-diglyceride):sn-glycerol-3-phosphate phosphatidyltransferase; phosphatidylglycerophosphate synthase; phosphatidylglycerolphosphate synthase; PGP synthase; CDP-diacylglycerol-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate 3-phosphatidyltransferase; CDP-diacylglycerol:sn-glycero-3-phosphate phosphatidyltransferase; glycerol phosphate phosphatidyltransferase; glycerol 3-phosphate phosphatidyltransferase; phosphatidylglycerol phosphate synthase; phosphatidylglycerol phosphate synthetase; phosphatidylglycerophosphate synthetase; sn-glycerol-3-phosphate phosphatidyltransferase
Systematic name: CDP-diacylglycerol:sn-glycerol-3-phosphate 1-(3-sn-phosphatidyl)transferase
Comments: The enzyme catalyses the committed step in the biosynthesis of acidic phospholipids known by the common names phophatidylglycerols and cardiolipins.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9068-49-9
1.  Hirabayashi, T. Larson, T.J. and Dowhan, W. Membrane-associated phosphatidylglycerophosphate synthetase from Escherichia coli: Purification by substrate affinity chromatography on cytidine 5′-diphospho-1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol sepharose. Biochemistry 15 (1976) 5205–5211. [PMID: 793612]
2.  Bleasdale, J.E. and Johnston, J.M. CMP-dependent incorporation of [14C]glycerol 3-phosphate into phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylglycerol phosphate by rabbit lung microsomes. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 710 (1982) 377–390. [DOI] [PMID: 7074121]
3.  Dowhan, W. Phosphatidylglycerophosphate synthase from Escherichia coli. Methods Enzymol. 209 (1992) 313–321. [DOI] [PMID: 1323047]
4.  Kawasaki, K., Kuge, O., Chang, S.C., Heacock, P.N., Rho, M., Suzuki, K., Nishijima, M. and Dowhan, W. Isolation of a chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cDNA encoding phosphatidylglycerophosphate (PGP) synthase, expression of which corrects the mitochondrial abnormalities of a PGP synthase-defective mutant of CHO-K1 cells. J. Biol. Chem. 274 (1999) 1828–1834. [DOI] [PMID: 9880566]
5.  Muller, F. and Frentzen, M. Phosphatidylglycerophosphate synthases from Arabidopsis thaliana. FEBS Lett. 509 (2001) 298–302. [DOI] [PMID: 11741606]
6.  Babiychuk, E., Muller, F., Eubel, H., Braun, H.P., Frentzen, M. and Kushnir, S. Arabidopsis phosphatidylglycerophosphate synthase 1 is essential for chloroplast differentiation, but is dispensable for mitochondrial function. Plant J. 33 (2003) 899–909. [DOI] [PMID: 12609031]
[EC created 1972, modified 1976, modified 2016]

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